Atarax: Uses, Dosage, Side Effects, Precautions, Price & More

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Atarax: Uses, Dosage, Side Effects, Precautions & More

Atarax Composition – Hydroxyzine hydrochloride 10 MG
Manufactured By – Dr Reddys Laboratories Ltd
Prescription – Prescription Required
Form – Tablet
Price – Rs 33
Quantity – 15 in a Strip

What is Atarax?

Atarax contains Hydroxyzine as an active ingredient. Atarax contains Hydroxyzine which is an antihistaminic drug. Histamine is a substance released in the body which is responsible for allergic symptoms like itching, watering of eyes, sneezing etc. Thus anti-histaminics work by blocking histamine release in the body.

Hydroxyzine has anti-allergic, sedative & anxiety-relieving effects.

Check out Hindi translation of this article - Atarax in Hindi
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Uses of Atarax

It is used to relieve patients from anxiety and tension because of psychoneurosis and other diseases. It is also used as a sedative for premedication, as symptomatic relief of itching caused by allergies and to control nausea & vomiting caused by different conditions, including motion sickness.

You may also read: Azithromycin UsesBecosule capsule Uses | Banocide Forte Uses

Atarax Price in India

SpecificsAtarax Price
10 mg Strip of 15 TabletsRs 30
25 mg Strip of 15 TabletsRs 54
10 mg Bottle of 100 SyrupRs 69
25 mg (2 ml) InjectionRs 15.39

How to Take Atarax?

  • Atarax usually comes in the form of a tablet, syrups, and injectable forms.
  • Tablets and syrups are usually taken by mouth with a glass of water as directed by your doctor, usually once daily. It is preferable to take Atarax with/after food because absorption of this drug is better when taken with food. For best results, Atarax must be taken at evenly spaced times.
  • You should not crush or chew the tablet. You must swallow the whole tablet, or break it in half and take both halves one at a time. If you have trouble swallowing the tablet, you must talk to your doctor about using another form of Atarax.
  • Shake the syrup bottle well before each use to mix up the drugs evenly. A measuring cup should be used to consume the correct dosage of medicine.
  • The injectable form must be injected directly into the muscle by a healthcare professional.
  • The usage of Atarax must be continued until the prescribed dosage is finished, even if your symptoms disappear.
  • It is always advised for the user to read the Patient Information Leaflet provided by the pharmacist and further queries must be solved with your doctor or pharmacist.

Common Dosage For Atarax?

The drug dosage and form is decided by the physician based upon:

  • Age and body weight of the patient
  • Health status/medical condition of the patient
  • Disease severity
  • Reaction to the first dose
  • History of allergy/drug reactions

Atarax comes in the following strengths:

  • Atarax™ 10 mg film-coated tablet
  • Atarax™ 25 mg film-coated tablet
  • Atarax™ 2 mg/ml Syrup
  • Atarax 25mg injection

The maximum single dose in adults should not exceed 200 mg whereas the maximum daily dose should not exceed 300 mg.

  • Adults:
    • For treatment of itching – The starting dose is 25mg at night, can be increased up to 25mg 3-4 times daily
    • For treating of anxiety – The dose is 50mg – 100mg daily, taken throughout the day.
  • In children: 30 months – 15 years of age: 1 mg/kg/day in divided doses.
    • For treating itching in children up to 40 kg in weight, the maximum daily dose is 2 mg/kg/day.
You may also read: Azithral Dosage

Precautions – When To Avoid Atarax?

  • History of allergy to hydroxyzine, to cetirizine, to aminophylline, or to ethylenediamine
  • Patients suffering from porphyria
  • Pregnant and breastfeeding women
  • Patients with increased potential for convulsions
  • Patients suffering from glaucoma, myasthenia gravis (a muscle weakness disorder), bladder outflow obstruction, or dementia
  • Patients suffering from pre-existing heart, liver and kidney diseases
  • Digestive system problems
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • High blood pressure
  • Elderly
  • Treatment with Atarax should be stopped a minimum 5 days before allergy testing or methacholine bronchial challenge, to avoid any effects on the results of the test.
  • Atarax Syrup 2 mg/ml includes 0.75 g sucrose/ml. Patients with problems of fructose intolerance, diabetes, glucose-galactose mal-absorption or sucrase-isomaltase insufficiency should avoid this medicine.
  • Atarax tablets contain lactose. Patients with galactose intolerance or glucose-galactose malabsorption should avoid this drug
  • Atarax Syrup contains significant amounts of alcohol. This has to be taken into account in child patients, a patient suffering from alcoholism, liver disease, or convulsions.

Side-effects of Atarax?

  • Common side effects include headache, dizziness, drowsiness, disturbance in attention, slurred speech, confusion, hallucinations, dry nose, mouth or throat, constipation, fatigue, slowing of thought processes and movements, sleep disturbances or low blood pressure.
  • Severe reactions include blistering of the skin, eyes, mouth, and genitals, tremor or fits, palpitations, trouble breathing or loss of consciousness.
  • Other side effects include liver problems (jaundice), difficulty in passing urine, blood in urine, fever, chills, muscle pain, chest tightness, achy joints, digestive system or stomach problems.

Effects on organs?

The daily dose of Atarax should be reduced in subjects with impaired liver and kidney functions.


Reported Allergic Reactions?

If an allergic reaction occurs, Atarax should be discontinued and a physician must be consulted immediately. Symptoms of a severe allergic reaction such as –

  • swelling of the face,
  • tongue or throat,
  • red itchy bumps and rashes on skin;
  • difficulties in breathing and swallowing.

Drug Interactions To Be Careful About

  • All the possible drug interactions might not be listed here. It is always advised that the patient must inform the physician about all the drugs/products you use especially –
    • barbiturates, other CNS depressants or drugs having anticholinergic properties
    • Betahistine and anticholinesterase drugs
    • Drugs used to treat depression (monoamine oxidase inhibitors)
    • Epinephrine – Hydroxyzine counteracts the action of epinephrine
    • Phenytoin
    • Cimetidine (for ulcers and heartburn)
    • Antibiotics like erythromycin, moxifloxacin, levofloxacin
    • Drugs used to treat heart problems or high blood pressure
    • Drugs used to treat psychoses
    • Drugs used to treat gastrointestinal disorders
    • Drugs used to treat malaria
    • Drugs used to treat cancer
    • Drugs used to treat severe pain (methadone)
    • Drugs effective against vomiting and nausea
    • Anaesthetics
    • Muscle relaxants
  • You must also inform about the herbal products that you are consuming. You must not modify the drug regimen without your doctor’s approval.

Shows Effects / Results In

The antihistaminic effect begins approximately after 1 hour with oral pharmaceutical forms. The sedative effect starts after 5-10 minutes with oral liquid and after 30-45 minutes with tablets.

You may also read: Beplex Forte Side Effect | Betadine Side Effect | Betahistine Side Effect

Storage Instructions for Atarax

Atarax tablets and syrup should be stored in a cool & dry environment below 25ºC., away from direct light and heat.

Similar to Atarax, you may also read storage instructions for Ascoril Syrup

Pro Tips When Taking Atarax

  • Never confuse Atarax (hydroxyzine) with Ativan (lorazepam) or hydroxyzine with hydralazine.
  • Frequent mouth rinses, maintaining good oral hygiene, and sugarless gum or candy may relieve you of dry mouth caused as a side effect of this drug. If dry mouth persists for more than 2 weeks, consult your dentist.
  • For relieving anxiety, please adhere to exercise, support groups, and relaxation techniques or psychotherapy.
  • Atarax injection is extremely painful. Do not use deltoid on site.

FAQs

Is Atarax Addictive?

No

Can I have Atarax with alcohol?

Dizziness and drowsiness can happen both after consuming alcohol and as a side effect of Atarax and using both of them together can worsen the effects. Therefore, you must avoid consuming alcohol while taking Atarax.

Any particular food item to be avoided?

No

Can I have Atarax When Pregnant?

  • Always inform your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant.
  • Atarax should not be taken during pregnancy.

Can I have Atarax when feeding a baby?

  • Always inform your doctor if you are breastfeeding your child.
  • Hydroxyzine is contra-indicated during lactation. Breastfeeding should be stopped if Atarax therapy is needed.

Can I drive after taking Atarax?

Atarax may impair the ability to react and to concentrate. Patients should be warned of this possibility and cautioned against driving a car.

What happens if I overdose on Atarax?

  • Symptoms observed after an overdose of Atarax include nausea, vomiting, dry mouth, fever, increased heart-beat, sleepiness, drowsiness, tremor, confusion, or hallucination. This may be followed by a depressed level of consciousness, breathing problems, fits, low blood pressure or heart arrhythmia followed by coma.
  • In the case of overdosage, discontinue use of Atarax and contact your consulting physician immediately.

What happens if I eat expired Atarax?

The drug may not work as well. Please inform your physician regarding the same.

What happens if I miss a dose of Atarax?

  • The medicine may not work well if you miss a dose because, for effective working of the drug, a certain amount of drug must be present in your body at all times.
  • Always consume the missed dose as soon as you remember it. But, if it’s already time to take the second dose after that – do not take a double dose.

When Was Atarax Made?

Hydroxyzine present in Atarax was first made by Union Chimique Belge in 1956 and was marketed by Pfizer in the United States.


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