Amlodipine: Uses, Dosage, Side Effects, Precautions, Price & More

0
3674
Amlodipine: Uses, Dosage, Side Effects, Precautions & More

What is Amlodipine?

Amlodipine belongs to a class of medicines called calcium channel blockers. In patients with high blood pressure, Amlodipine causes relaxation of blood vessels which allows more blood to pass through them easily. Lowered blood pressure reduces the risk of strokes, heart attacks, kidney failure and other potentially fatal conditions.

Chest pain (angina) occurs due to insufficient delivery of oxygen to the heart muscles therefore, in patients with angina, Amlodipine tablets work by improving blood supply to the heart which in turn means an increase in oxygen supply. Amlodipine does not cure high blood pressure and chest pain but helps to control them.

Buy & Get Upto 20% Off: 1mg | Myra Medicines

Uses of Amlodipine

Amlodipine is used alone or in combination with other drugs to treat high blood pressure (hypertension) and anginas (chest pain).

Also Read: Aristozyme Uses | Augmentin 625 Uses | Avil Uses

Amlodipine Price in India

SpecificsAmlodipine Price
Strip of 10 TabletsRs 27.25

How to Take Amlodipine?

Amlodipine may be taken with or without food as prescribed by your doctor.

Consumption of grapefruit and grapefruit products should be avoided while consuming Amlodipine tablets because grapefruit can raise the levels of amlodipine in blood, which can lead to a volatile increase in the blood pressure thereby reducing effects of Amlodipine tablets.

In order to remember it, it is advised to take the medicine at the same time each day. Most people with high blood pressure are asymptomatic and do not feel sick. It is important to continue taking this medication even if no symptoms persist. Store at room temperature away from moisture, heat, and light.


Common Dosage for Amlodipine

The dosage is based on your medical condition and response to treatment. The doctor may initially start with a lower dose and increase it gradually in chronic or sustained cases of hypertension. Do not use this medicine in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended.

The drug dosage and form is decided by the physician based upon:

  • Age and body weight of the patient
  • Health status/medical condition of the patient
  • Disease severity
  • Reaction to the first dose
  • History of allergy/drug reactions

Tablets are usually available in the following forms:

  • 5 mg
  • 5 mg
  • 10 mg

Usual Adult Dose of Amlodipine for Hypertension:

Initial dose: 5 mg orally once a day which may increase by 2.5 mg up to 10mg per day depending upon patient response. However, patients who are small or fragile may be started on 2.5 mg orally once a day.

Maximum dose: 10 mg/day

Maintenance dose: 5 to 10 mg orally once a day

Usual Adult Dose of Amlodipine for Chest Pain (Angina Pectoris):

Maintenance dose: 5 – 10 mg orally once a day
Maximum dose: 10 mg/day

Usual Paediatric Dose of Amlodipine for Hypertension:

  • 6 to 17 years:
    -Maintenance dose: 2.5 to 5 mg orally once a day
    -Maximum dose: 5 mg/day
Also Read: Azee 500 Dosage | Bandy Plus Dosage | Betnovate N Dosage

Precautions – When to Avoid Amlodipine?

  • Please inform your doctor if you are allergic to Amlodipine; or to any other calcium channel blockers (such as nisoldipine, nifedipine).
  • Also, it is advisable not to administer amlodipine in cases of congestive heart failure or liver disease.
  • Also should not be used in children below 6 yrs of age.

Side-effects of Amlodipine

Amlodipine may cause certain side effects like:

  • Swelling of the hands, feet, ankles, or lower legs
  • Headache
  • Upset stomach
  • Stomach pain
  • Dizziness or light-headedness
  • Drowsiness
  • Excessive tiredness
  • Flushing

Some side effects can be serious. Seek medical attention if you experience any of these symptoms:

  • Rapid, pounding, or irregular heartbeat
  • Fainting
  • More frequent or more severe chest pain

Reported Allergic Reactions

Signs of an allergic reaction to amlodipine include:

  • Red itchy bumps on skin
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Swelling on face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Please consult your physician immediately if you notice any signs.

Drug Interactions to Be Careful About

  • All the possible drug interactions might not be listed here. It is always advised that the patient must inform the physician about of all the drugs/products you use especially Simvastatin or any other heart or blood pressure medications
  • You must also inform about the herbal products that you are consuming
  • You must not modify the drug regimen without your doctor’s approval
  • Drug interactions have been reported with the following medicines:

– ketoconazole, itraconazole (antifungal drugs)

– ritonavir, indinavir, nelfinavir (used in HIV treatment)

– antibiotics such as erythromycin, clarithromycin, co-trimoxazole, clarithromycin, trimethoprim & rifampicin

– tacrolimus, everolimus (used after graft surgeries)

– diltiazem, verapamil (used to treat heart diseases)

– temsirolimus (for cancer)

Shows Effects / Results In:

Peak blood level occurs after 6 to 9 hours.

Pro Tips When Taking Amlodipine

  • You must continue the use of Amlodipine tablets for the treatment of high blood pressure even if you feel well because there are no symptoms of high blood pressure. You might have to use medicines for blood pressure for entire life.
  • Amlodipine is only part of a complete program of treatment that may also include diet, exercise, weight control, and other medications. Follow your diet, medication, and exercise routines very closely.
  • Although extremely care, you may have worsened angina after you start taking Amlodipine for the first time.
  • You must notstart any new prescription or non-prescription medicines or supplements without consulting your doctor.
Also Read: C Tax-O Side Effect | CTor Side Effect | Dolo 650 Side Effects

Storage tips

Amlodipine tablets must be kept at room temperature (59°-86°F), away from direct light, heat and moisture.


FAQ

Is Amlodipine Addictive?

No

Can I have Amlodipine with alcohol?

No.

Amlodipine can make you feel drowsy and dizzy which can be aggravated by alcohol consumption.  Additionally, alcohol consumption can further decrease your blood pressure and aggravate some side effects of amlodipine.

Any particular food item to be avoided?

Consumption of grapefruit and grapefruit products should be avoided while consuming Amlodipine tablets because grapefruit can raise the levels of amlodipine in blood, which can lead to a volatile increase in the blood pressure thereby reducing effects of Amlodipine tablets.

Marijuana must be avoided because it can further decrease your blood pressure and aggravate some side effects of amlodipine.

Can I have Amlodipine When Pregnant?

Always inform your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. The safety of Amlodipine in human pregnancy has not been established.

Can I have Amlodipine when feeding a baby?

Always inform your doctor if you are breast-feeding your child. The safety of Amlodipine in a lactating mother has not been established.

Can I drive after taking Amlodipine?

Amlodipine tablets can lead to drowsiness, tiredness, headache and dizziness. It is advisable to not drive after taking Amlodipine if you are affected by any of these side-effects.

What happens if I overdose on Amlodipine?

If you have taken an over-dose, it is advisable to contact your consulting physician immediately. Symptoms of overdose include increased heartbeats, extreme dizziness and fainting.

What happens if I eat expired Amlodipine?

It is very unlikely for a single dose of expired Amlodipine to produce an adverse event. However, please consult your physician if you feel unwell or sick after consuming an expired medicine. An expired drug might not be as potent in treating your condition. It is advisable to refrain from using expired drug.

What happens if I miss a dose of Amlodipine?

The medicine may not work well if you miss a dose because for effective working of the drug, a certain amount of drug must be present in your body at all times.

Always consume the missed dose as soon as you remember it. Do not consume the tablet if it has been more than 12 hours since the last dose was taken. You must wait for the time for your next dose.

When Was Amlodipine Made?

Amlodipine was first patented in 1986 and commercial sale started in 1990.


Similar Reads

Offers & Discounts

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

three + 20 =