What Is Aspirin?
Aspirin is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug which contains Aspirin as its chief ingredient.
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Uses Of Aspirin
- Aspirin can be used to relieve mild to moderate pain (such as headache, toothache and nerve pain), reduce temperature and inflammation, such as lower back pain, sprain, muscle pain
- Aspirin can be used for relief in upper respiratory tract infections.
- Aspirin is majorly used in diseases like Rheumatic disease
- Aspirin is also used for sore throat, menstrual cramps.
- It can also be used to thin blood in low doses.
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How Does Aspirin Work?
- Aspirin works by blocking cyclooxygenase enzyme in the body.
- Aspirin tables contain 300mg of aspirin which reduces the production of prostaglandins which reduces the pain.
- It also reduces the production of prostaglandins in brain which reduces fever.
Aspirin Price in India
|Aspirin 50mg Strip of 14 Tablet DR||Rs. 3.70|
|Aspirin 300mg Strip of 10 Tablets||Rs. 2.00|
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How to take Aspirin?
- Aspirin tablets are swallowed with water. Do not chew or crush the tablet
- It should be taken with the food or just after the food or milk to avoid getting an upset stomach.
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Common Dosage Of Aspirin
- It should be taken as recommended by your doctor.
- Dosage of 300-600mg every 4-6hrs. Max: 4g.
- Children over 12YRS: 350mg/day.
- 4-12YRS: 75-100mg/kg in divided doses.
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When to Avoid Aspirin & Precautions To Take?
- If you are allergic to or have ever had an allergic reaction to aspirin or to other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
Aspirin should be avoided in certain conditions such as
- High blood pressure
- Bleeding Disorders
- Stomach ulcers, perforation or bleeding in stomach
- Kidney and Liver Disease
- Severe heart failure
- Systemic lupus erythematosus or mixed connective tissue disease as there is an increased risk of aseptic meningitis
- Aspirin should be stopped several days before surgery due to risk associated with increased bleeding time.
- Aspirin should be avoided if you are having thyroid function tests.
- Older patients (more than 65 years of age) should not take Aspirin without doctor’s consent.
- Aspirin is not advised in the children less than 16 years of age with varicella infections or influenza like illness due to the risk of Reye’s syndrome.
Side Effects Of Aspirin
- Skin rashes
- Irritation in stomach
- Yellow colored eyes or skin (Jaundice)
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Reported allergic reactions for Aspirin-
Allergic reactions may include wheeziness, runny nose, and itchy skin rashes.
Effect on organs
- Effect on heart- High doses of this drug may cause sodium and water retention and increase the risk of heart failure.
- Aspirin should not be used if you are suffering from ulcer in stomach or small intestine. It can cause serious bleeding.
Drug interactions to be Careful About
- Always inform your doctor about all the drugs, vitamins or herbal supplements you are taking to manage or protect you from drug interactions.
All the possible drug interactions might not be listed here. Always inform your doctor if you are taking the following medicines –
- warfarin or heparin
- cyclcosporine, tacrolimus
- drugs for high blood pressure e.g. diuretics (“water tablets”) and ACE-inhibitors
- non steroidal anti-inflammatory medicines for pain and inflammation e.g. ibuprofen, cyclooxygenase-2-selective inhibitor or steroids
- probenecid or uricosurics for gout
- drugs to treat depression, mood disorders
- medicines to treat diabetes
- drugs for heart failure e.g. cardiac glycosides
- drugs containing aminoglycosides (a type of antibiotic)
- quinolone antibiotics
- drugs used to treat epilepsy
- anti-platelet agents
- calcium channel blockers
- varicella vaccine
- certain HIV drugs containing zidovudine
- drugs to treat nausea and vomiting containing metoclopramide or Domperidone
Show effects or results in
Effects of this drug can be observed in 5 to 10 minutes.
Storage Requirements for Aspirin
Store in a dry and cool place.
Pro Tips When Taking Aspirin
- Aspirin can sometimes increase the risk of bleeding in stomach.
- Always inform your doctor if you notice black stools or blood in cough.
FAQs – Things to Know About
Is Aspirin addictive?
Can I have Aspirin with alcohol?
Any particular food item to be avoided?
Can I have Aspirin when pregnant?
- The medicine should be used with great caution during pregnancy as it may enter fetal circulation crossing placental barrier and thus may have adverse effects on the foetus.
- It is not recommended particularly in final trimester.
Can I have Aspirin when feeding a baby?
Can I drive after taking Aspirin?
Aspirin usually does not affect your ability to drive.
However, few patients might experience dizziness as a side effect, in such cases it should be used with caution while driving and operating heavy machinery.
What happen if I overdose on Aspirin?
It should not be administered in more than prescribed dose.
Taking more medication or with increased frequency will not improve your symptoms; rather they may cause serious side-effects.
In case of overdosage, consult your doctor immediately.
What happens if I eat expired Aspirin?
It is very unlikely for a single dose of expired Aspirin to produce an adverse event.
However, please consult your physician if you feel unwell or sick after consuming an expired medicine.
An expired drug might not be as potent in treating your condition. It is advisable to refrain from using expired drug.
What happens if I miss a dose of Aspirin?
Never miss a dose and if you have missed a dose, take it as soon as possible but if the next dose is near then skip the dose. Never take an overdose.