List of 20 Best Medicines for Allergies- Composition, Dosage, Popularity & More (2019)

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List of 20 Best Medicines for Allergies- Composition, Dosage, Popularity & More (2019)

An allergy is an immune system response to a foreign substance that’s not typically harmful to your body. These foreign substances are called allergens. They can include certain foods, pollen, or pet dander.

Your immune system’s job is to keep you healthy by fighting harmful pathogens. It does this by attacking anything it thinks could put your body in danger. Depending on the allergen, this response may involve inflammation, sneezing, or a host of other symptoms.

The symptoms you experience because of allergies are the result of several factors. These include the type of allergy you have and how severe the allergy is.

If you take any medication before an anticipated allergic response, you may still experience some of these symptoms, but they may be reduced.

For food allergies – Food allergies can trigger swelling, hives, nausea, fatigue, and more. It may take a while for a person to realize that they have a food allergy. If you have a serious reaction after a meal and you’re not sure why to see a medical professional immediately. They can find the exact cause of your reaction or refer you to a specialist.

For seasonal allergies – Hay fever symptoms can mimic those of a cold. They include congestion, runny nose, and swollen eyes. Most of the time, you can manage these symptoms at home using over-the-counter treatments. See your doctor if your symptoms become unmanageable.

For severe allergies – Severe allergies can cause anaphylaxis. This is a life-threatening emergency that can lead to breathing difficulties, lightheadedness, and loss of consciousness. If you’re experiencing these symptoms after coming in contact with a possible allergen, seek medical help immediately.

Causes of allergies – Researchers aren’t exactly sure why the immune system causes an allergic reaction when a normally harmless foreign substance enters the body.

Allergies have a genetic component. This means parents can pass them down to their children. However, only a general susceptibility to an allergic reaction is genetic. Specific allergies aren’t passed down. For instance, if your mother is allergic to shellfish, it doesn’t necessarily mean that you’ll be, too.

Common types of allergens include:

Animal products – These include pet dander, dust mite waste, and cockroaches.

Drugs – Penicillin and sulfa drugs are common triggers.

Foods – Wheat, nuts, milk, shellfish, and egg allergies are common.

Insect stings – These include bees, wasps, and mosquitoes.

Mold – Airborne spores from a mold can trigger a reaction.

Plants – Pollens from grass, weeds, and trees, as well as resin from plants such as poison ivy and poison oak, are very common plant allergens.

Other allergens – Latex, often found in latex gloves and condoms, and metals like nickel are also common allergens.

Seasonal allergies, also known as hay fever, are some of the most common allergies. These are caused by pollen released by plants. They cause:

  • itchy eyes
  • watery eyes
  • a runny nose
  • coughing
  • Allergy treatments

The best way to avoid allergies is to stay away from whatever triggers the reaction. If that’s not possible, there are treatment options available.

Allergy treatment often includes medications like antihistamines to control symptoms. The medication can be over the counter or prescription. What your doctor recommends depends on the severity of your allergies.

Allergy medications include:

  • antihistamines like diphenhydramine (Benadryl)
  • corticosteroids
  • cetirizine (Zyrtec)
  • loratadine (Claritin)
  • cromolyn sodium (Gastrocrom)
  • decongestants (Afrin, Suphedrine PE, Sudafed)
  • leukotriene modifiers (Singular, Zyflo)

List of Top 20 Medicines for Allergies

  1. Cetirizine
  2. Fexofenadine
  3. Levocetirizine
  4. Loratidine
  5. Desloratadine
  6. Pseudoephedrine
  7. Phenylephrine
  8. Oxymetazoline
  9. Cetirizine and Pseudoephedrine
  10. Fexofenadine and Pseudoephedrine
  11. Diphenhydramine and Pseudoephedrine
  12. Loratadine and Pseudoephedrine
  13. Pseudoephedrine and Triprolidine
  14. Naphazoline and Pheniramine
  15. Acrivastine and Psedoephedrine
  16. Azelastine and Fluticasone
  17. Dexamethasone
  18. Loteprednol
  19. Budesonide
  20. Fluticasone

Top 20 Medicines for Allergies in India (Tablets, Syrups, Ointment & More)

1. Cetirizine: Cures allergy

  • Brand name – Zyrtec
  • CompositionCetirizine
  • Popularity level – 8
  • Cetirizine is an antihistamine used to relieve allergy symptoms such as watery eyes, runny nose, itching eyes/nose, sneezing, hives, and itching. It works by blocking a certain natural substance (histamine) that your body makes during an allergic reaction.
  • Dosage –  The dosage is based on your age, medical condition, and response to treatment. Do not increase your dose or take this medication more often than directed.
  • Price – A pack of 10 tablets cost ₹17.

2. Fexofenadine: Cures allergy

  • Brand name – Allegra
  • Composition – Fexofenadine
  • Popularity level – 8
  • Fexofenadine is an antihistamine used to relieve allergy symptoms such as watery eyes, runny nose, itching eyes/nose, sneezing, hives, and itching. It works by blocking a certain natural substance (histamine) that your body makes during an allergic reaction.
  • Dosage –  If you are taking the over-the-counter product to self-treat, read all directions on the product package before taking this medication. If you have any questions, consult your pharmacist. If your doctor has prescribed this medication, take it as directed, usually 2 times daily (every 12 hours).
  • Price – A pack of 6 tablets cost ₹60.

3. Levocetirizine: Cures allergy

  • Brand name – Xyzal
  • Composition – 8
  • Levocetirizine is an antihistamine used to relieve allergy symptoms such as watery eyes, runny nose, itching eyes/nose, and sneezing. It is also used to relieve itching and hives. It works by blocking a certain natural substance (histamine) that your body makes during an allergic reaction.
  • Dosage – This medication is taken by mouth with or without food, usually once daily in the evening.
  • Price – A pack of 10 tablets costs ₹140.

4. Loratidine: Cures allergy

  • Brand name – Alavert, Clariten
  • Composition – Levocetirizine
  • Popularity level – 9
  • This medication is an antihistamine that treats symptoms such as itching, runny nose, watery eyes, and sneezing from “hay fever” and other allergies. It is also used to relieve itching from hives.
  • Dosage –  Take this medication by mouth with or without food as directed by your doctor or the product package, usually once or twice a day. Remove the tablet from its foil pack immediately before taking and place the tablet on the tongue. It will dissolve quickly. You may swallow the dissolved medication with or without water. Dosage is based on your age, condition, and response to treatment. Do not increase your dose or take this drug more often than directed. Do not take more of this medication than recommended for your age.
  • Price – The cost for Claritin oral capsule 10 mg is around $18 for a supply of 10 capsules.

5. Desloratadine: Cures allergy

  • Brand name – Clarinex
  • Composition – Desloratadine
  • Popularity level – 6
  • Desloratadine is an antihistamine used to relieve allergy symptoms such as watery eyes, runny nose, itching eyes/nose, sneezing, hives, and itching. It works by blocking a certain natural substance (histamine) that your body makes during an allergic reaction.
  • Dosage –  Take this medication by mouth with or without food as directed by your doctor, usually once daily.
  • Price – The cost for Clarinex oral solution (2.5 mg/5 mL) is around $386 for a supply of 480 milliliters, depending on the pharmacy you visit.

6. Pseudoephedrine: Cures nasal allergy

  • Brand name – Sudafed
  • Composition – Pseudoephedrine
  • Popularity level – 5
  • Pseudoephedrine is used for the temporary relief of stuffy nose and sinus pain/pressure caused by infection (such as the common cold, flu) or other breathing illnesses (such as hay fever, allergies, bronchitis). Pseudoephedrine is a decongestant (sympathomimetic). It works by narrowing the blood vessels to decrease swelling and congestion.
  • Dosage –  Take this medication by mouth with or without food, usually every 4-6 hours, as directed by the product package or by your doctor. Do not take more than 4 doses in a day. Dosage is based on your age, medical condition, and response to treatment. Do not increase your dose or take this drug more often than directed. Do not take more of this medication than recommended for your age.
  • Price – The cost for Sudafed 12-Hour oral tablet, extended release 120 mg is around $13 for a supply of 10 tablets.

7. Phenylephrine: Cures nasal allergy

  • Brand name – Neosynephrine
  • Composition – Pseudoephedrine
  • Popularity level – 5
  • This medication is used for temporary relief of congestion in the nose caused by various conditions including the common cold, sinusitis, hay fever, and allergies. It works by narrowing the blood vessels in the nose area, reducing swelling and congestion.
  • Dosage –  Gently blow your nose before using this drug. Use your finger to close the nostril on the side not receiving the medication. While keeping your head upright, place the spray tip into the open nostril. Spray the medication into the open nostril as you breathe in through your nose. Sniff hard a few times to be sure the medication reaches deep into the nose. Repeat these steps for the other nostril if needed.
  • Price – A 0.5 oz bottle of the nasal spray costs  $7.

8. Oxymetazoline: Cures nasal allergy

  • Brand name – Afrin
  • Composition – Pseudoephedrine
  • Popularity level – 4
  • This medication is used for temporary relief of congestion in the nose caused by various conditions including the common cold, sinusitis, hay fever, and allergies. It works by narrowing the blood vessels in the nose area, reducing swelling and congestion.
  • Dosage –  Gently blow your nose before using this drug. Use your finger to close the nostril on the side not receiving the medication. While keeping your head upright, place the spray tip into the open nostril. Spray the medication into the open nostril as you breathe in through your nose. Sniff hard a few times to be sure the medication reaches deep into the nose. Repeat these steps for the other nostril if needed.
  • Price – A 0.5 oz bottle of the nasal spray costs $8.79

9. Cetirizine and Pseudoephedrine: Cures eye/nose allergy

  • Brand name – Zyrtec-D
  • CompositionCetirizine and Pseudoephedrine
  • Popularity level – 7
  • This medication is used to relieve allergy symptoms such as watery eyes, runny/stuffy nose, itching eyes/nose, and sneezing. It contains 2 medications: cetirizine and pseudoephedrine. Cetirizine is an antihistamine and works by blocking a certain natural substance (histamine) that your body makes during an allergic reaction. Pseudoephedrine is a decongestant and works by narrowing the blood vessels in the nose to decrease swelling and congestion.
  • Dosage –  If your doctor has prescribed this medication, take it as directed with or without food, usually twice daily (every 12 hours).
  • Price – The cost for Zyrtec-D oral tablet, extended release (5 mg-120 mg) is around $20 for a supply of 12 tablets.

10. Fexofenadine and Pseudoephedrine: Cures allergy

  • Brand name – Allerga-D
  • Composition – Fexofenadine and Pseudoephedrine
  • Popularity level – 9
  • This combination medication is used to temporarily relieve symptoms caused by the common cold, flu, or allergies. It contains 2 medications: fexofenadine and pseudoephedrine. Fexofenadine is an antihistamine that helps relieve watery eyes, itchy eyes/nose/throat, runny nose, and sneezing. Pseudoephedrine is a decongestant that helps relieve stuffy nose and ear congestion symptoms.
  • Dosage –  Take this medication by mouth on an empty stomach (at least 1 hour before or 2 hours after a meal). Take this medication with water. Do not take with fruit juices (such as apple, grapefruit, or orange) since they may decrease the absorption of this drug.
  • Price – A pack of 10 tablets costs $46.72

11. Diphenhydramine and Pseudoephedrine: Cures allergy

  • Brand name – Benadryl Allergy
  • CompositionDiphenhydramine and Pseudoephedrine
  • Popularity level – 9
  • Diphenhydramine is an antihistamine used to relieve symptoms of allergy, hay fever, and the common cold. These symptoms include rash, itching, watery eyes, itchy eyes/nose/throat, cough, runny nose, and sneezing. It is also used to prevent and treat nausea, vomiting and dizziness caused by motion sickness. Diphenhydramine can also be used to help you relax and fall asleep.
  • This medication works by blocking a certain natural substance (histamine) that your body makes during an allergic reaction. Its drying effects on such symptoms as watery eyes and runny nose are caused by blocking another natural substance made by your body (acetylcholine).
  • Dosage – Take the tablet, capsule, or liquid form by mouth with or without food. Measure liquid forms of this medication using a special measuring device/spoon. Do not use a household spoon because you may not get the correct dose. If you have a single-dose form of this medication (such as a single-use whistle), you do not need to measure the dose.
  • Price – A pack of 24 tablets costs $9.

12. Loratadine and Pseudoephedrine: Cures seasonal allergy

  • Brand name – Claritin-D
  • CompositionLoratadine and Pseudoephedrine
  • Popularity level – 9
  • Loratadine is an antihistamine which provides relief of seasonal allergy symptoms such as watery and itching eyes, runny nose, and sneezing. Pseudoephedrine is a decongestant which helps relieve a stuffy nose, promotes sinus draining, and improves breathing.
  • Dosage –  Take this medication by mouth usually once daily; or take as directed by your doctor. Take with a full glass of water.
  • Price – The cost for Claritin-D 12 Hour oral tablet, extended release (5 mg-120 mg) is around $19 for a supply of 10 tablets.

13. Pseudoephedrine and Triprolidine: Cures allergy

  • Brand name – Actifed
  • Composition – Pseudoephedrine and Triprolidine
  • Popularity level – 7
  • This combination medication is used to temporarily relieve symptoms caused by the common cold, flu, allergies, or other breathing illnesses (such as sinusitis, bronchitis). Antihistamines help relieve watery eyes, itchy eyes/nose/throat, runny nose, and sneezing. Decongestants help to relieve stuffy nose and ear congestion symptoms.
  • Dosage –  Dosage is based on the product you are taking and your age, medical condition, and response to treatment. Do not increase your dose or take this medication more often than directed without your doctor’s approval. Improper use (abuse) of this medication may result in serious harm (such as hallucinations, seizure, death).
  • Price – A pack of 10 tablets cost ₹10.

14. Naphazoline and Pheniramine: Cures eye allergy

  • Brand name – Naphcon A
  • Composition – Naphazoline and Pheniramine
  • Popularity level – 5
  • This medication is used to temporarily relieve eye redness, puffiness, itching, and watering that commonly occur with allergies. Naphazoline is a decongestant. It belongs to a class of drugs known as sympathomimetic amines. It works by temporarily narrowing the blood vessels in the eye. Pheniramine is an antihistamine. It works by blocking certain natural substances (histamines) that cause allergic symptoms.
  • Dosage –  Use this medication in the affected eye(s) up to 4 times a day as needed or as directed by your doctor. Tilt your head back, look upward, and pull down the lower eyelid to make a pouch. Hold the dropper directly over the eye and place 1 drop into the pouch. Look downward and gently close your eyes for 1 to 2 minutes. Place one finger at the corner of the eye near the nose and apply gentle pressure. This will prevent the medication from draining away from the eye. Try not to blink and do not rub the eye. Repeat these steps if your dose is for more than 1 drop and for the other eye if so directed.
  • Price – A 15ml bottle of the eye drops cost $9.

15) Acrivastine and Psedoephedrine: Cures allergy

  • Brand name – Semprex-D
  • Composition – Acrivastine and Psedoephedrine
  • Popularity level – 8
  • This combination medication is used to temporarily relieve symptoms caused by the common cold, flu, allergies, or other breathing illnesses (such as sinusitis, bronchitis). Antihistamines help relieve watery eyes, itchy eyes/nose/throat, runny nose, and sneezing. Decongestants help to relieve stuffy nose and ear congestion symptoms.
  • Dosage – Dosage is based on the product you are taking and your age, medical condition, and response to treatment. Do not increase your dose or take this medication more often than directed without your doctor’s approval. Improper use (abuse) of this medication may result in serious harm (such as hallucinations, seizure, death).
  • Price – The cost for Semprex-D oral capsule (8 mg-60 mg) is around $578 for a supply of 100 capsules.

16. Azelastine and Fluticasone: Cures seasonal nasal allergy

  • Brand name – Dymista
  • Composition – Azelastine and Fluticasone
  • Popularity level – 7
  • This product is used to relieve seasonal allergy symptoms of the nose such as stuffy/a runny nose, itching, sneezing, and post-nasal drip. It contains 2 drugs. Azelastine is an antihistamine that works by blocking certain natural substances called histamines that are responsible for allergic symptoms. Fluticasone belongs to a class of drugs known as corticosteroids. It works by reducing swelling (inflammation) in the nasal passages.
  • Dosage – Gently blow your nose before using this product. Shake the container gently before using. Follow the instructions for test sprays in the air if you are using the container for the first time or if you have not used it for a while (for example, more than 1 week). Check your product package for instructions on when you need to do the test sprays again if you have not used the container in awhile.
  • Price – A 23g bottle of nasal spray costs $47.

17. Dexamethasone: Cures eye allergy

  • Brand name – Maxidex
  • CompositionDexamethasone
  • Popularity level – 9
  • This medication is used to treat certain eye conditions due to inflammation or injury. Dexamethasone works by relieving symptoms such as swelling, redness, and itching. It belongs to a class of drugs known as corticosteroids.
  • Dosage –  To apply eye drops, wash your hands first. If you are using a suspension form of this medication, shake the bottle well before using. To avoid contamination, do not touch the dropper tip or let it touch your eye or any other surface.
  • Tilt your head back, look upward, and pull down the lower eyelid to make a pouch. Hold the dropper directly over your eye and place 1 drop into the pouch. Look downward and gently close your eyes for 1 to 2 minutes. Place one finger at the corner of your eye (near the nose) and apply gentle pressure. This will prevent the medication from draining out. Try not to blink and do not rub your eye. Repeat these steps for your other eye if so directed and if your dose is for more than 1 drop.
  • Price – A 5ml bottle of the eye drops cost $6.10

18. Loteprednol: Cures eye allergy

  • Brand name – Alrex
  • Composition – Loteprednol
  • Popularity level – 9
  • This medication is used to temporarily relieve seasonal allergy symptoms of the eyes such as swelling, redness, and itching. Loteprednol belongs to a class of drugs known as corticosteroids.
  • Dosage –  To apply eye drops, wash your hands first. Shake the bottle well before using. To avoid contamination, do not touch the dropper tip or let it touch your eye or any other surface.
  • Tilt your head back, look upward, and pull down the lower eyelid to make a pouch. Hold the dropper directly over your eye and place 1 drop into the pouch. Look downward and gently close your eyes for 1 to 2 minutes. Place one finger at the corner of your eye (near the nose) and apply gentle pressure. This will prevent the medication from draining out. Try not to blink and do not rub your eye. Repeat these steps for your other eye if so directed and if your dose is for more than 1 drop.
  • Price – A 5ml bottle of the eye drops cost $81.

19. Budesonide: Cures nasal allergy

  • Brand name – Rhinocort allergy
  • Composition – Budesonide
  • Popularity level – 6
  • Budesonide is used to prevent and treat seasonal and year-round allergy symptoms (such as stuffy/a runny nose, itchy eyes/nose/throat, sneezing). Budesonide belongs to a class of drugs known as corticosteroids. It works by reducing swelling (inflammation) in the nasal passages.
  • Dosage –  This medication is for use in the nose, usually 1 or 2 sprays in each nostril once or twice a day or as directed by your doctor. Avoid spraying this medication in your eyes. Gently blow your nose before using this drug. Gently shake the container before each use. Follow the instructions to properly prime the spray pump if you are using it for the first time or if you have not used it for 2 or more days. Follow the instructions to clean/prime the spray pump if you have not used it for 14 or more days.
  • To use the spray, first remove the plastic cap. Close one nostril by pressing it with your finger. Tilt your head slightly forward and, keeping the bottle upright, carefully insert the nasal applicator into the other nostril. Press down firmly on the pump to deliver the prescribed number of sprays while gently breathing in through the nose, keeping your mouth closed. Do not spray directly onto the middle wall of your nose (nasal septum). After spraying, remove the applicator tip and tilt your head back for a few seconds. This will allow the medication to spread over the back of your nose. Repeat in the other nostril. Wipe the applicator tip and replace the plastic cap. Avoid blowing your nose for 15 minutes after using this medication.
  • Price – An 8.43 oz bottle of the nasal spray costs $23.

20. Fluticasone: Cures nasal allergy

  • Brand name – Flonase Allergy Relief
  • Composition – Fluticasone
  • Popularity level – 6
  • Fluticasone is used to relieve seasonal and year-round allergic and non-allergic nasal symptoms, such as stuffy/a runny nose, itching, and sneezing. It can also help relieve allergy eye symptoms such as itchy, watery eyes. This medication belongs to a class of drugs known as corticosteroids. It works in your nose to block the effects of substances that cause allergies (such as pollen, pet dander, dust mites, mold) and to reduce swelling.
  • Dosage –  Use this medication in the nose as directed by your doctor or the product package, usually once or twice a day. Do not spray in your eyes.
  • Gently blow your nose before using this drug. Shake the container gently before each use. Follow the instructions on how to properly prime the bottle if you are using it for the first time or if you have not used it for a week or longer.
  • The dosage is based on your age, medical condition, and response to treatment. Do not increase your dose or use this drug more often or for longer than directed.
  • Price – The cost for fluticasone nasal nasal spray (50 mcg/inh) is around $16 for a supply of 16 grams.

 

 

 

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