List of 20 Best Medicines for Cough – Composition, Dosage, Popularity & More (2019)

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List of 20 Best Medicines for Cough - Composition, Dosage, Popularity & More (2019)

A cough is your body’s way of responding when something irritates your throat or airways. An irritant stimulates nerves that send a message to your brain. The brain then tells muscles in your chest and abdomen to push air out of your lungs to force out the irritant.

An occasional cough is normal and healthy. A cough that persists for several weeks or one that brings up discolored or bloody mucus may indicate a condition that needs medical attention.

A cough is considered “acute” if it lasts less than three weeks. It is considered “chronic” if it lasts longer than eight weeks (four weeks in children).

Common causes of an acute cough:

  • Common cold
  • Influenza (flu)
  • Inhaling an irritant
  • Pneumonia
  • A whooping cough

Common causes a chronic cough:

  • Allergies
  • Asthma (most common in children)
  • Bronchitis
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
  • Postnasal drip

Cough medicines usually are used only when the cause of a cough is unknown and the cough causes a lot of discomforts. If you use cough medicine, be sure to follow the dosing instructions.

Don’t give children under age 4 over-the-counter cough medicine without first checking with your child’s doctor.


List of Top 20 Medicines for Cough

  1. Bromhexine
  2. Ambroxol
  3. Acetylcycteine
  4. Carbocicteine
  5. Codeine
  6. Ethylmorphine
  7. Pholcodeine
  8. Noscapine
  9. Dextromethorphan
  10. Chlorphedianol
  11. Prenoxdiazine
  12. Benzonatate
  13. Ascoril-C
  14. Bro-Zedex
  15. Chericof
  16. Clistin Wet
  17. Clistin Dry
  18. Corex
  19. Coscopin
  20. Grilinctus

Top 20 Medicines for Cough in India (Tablets, Syrups & More)

1. Bromhexine: Cures a cough when mucus plugs are   present in the bronchi

  • Brand name – Bromhexine 8mg
  • Composition – Bromhexine
  • Popularity level – 4
  • Bromhexine is a potent mucolytic and mucokinetic, capable of inducing thin copious bronchial secretion. It is synthesized from an alkaloid vasicine obtained from Adhatoda vasica (Vasaka) plant.
  • Dosage –  8mg thrice a day
  • Price – A pack of 10 tablets cost ₹45.

2. Ambroxol: Cures cough when mucus plugs are present in the bronchi

  • Brand name – Ambril, Ambrolite, Ambrodil, Mucolite
  • Composition – Ambroxol
  • Popularity level – 4
  • Ambroxol is a metabolite of Bromhexine having similar mucolytic action.
  • Dosage – 15-30mg, thrice a day

3. Acetylcysteine: Cures cough

  • Brand name – Mucomix
  • Composition – Acetylcysteine
  • Popularity level – 7
  • Acetylcysteine opens disulfide bonds in mucoproteins present in sputum and makes it less viscid. This medicine has to be administered directly into the respiratory tract.
  • Dosage –  1 or 2 ml solution of 200mg/ml injectable solution may be nebulizsed/instilled through the trachiostomy tube.
  • Price – A 100 ml bottle of Ambrodil syrup costs ₹55.

4. Carbocisteine: Cures a chronic cough

  • Brand name – Mucodyne 250mg
  • Composition – check
  • Popularity level – 6
  • Carbocisteine liquefies viscid sputum in the same way as acetylcysteine and is administered orally.
  • Dosage –  250-750mg, thrice a day
  • Price – A pack of 10 capsules cost ₹45.

5. Codeine: Suppresses cough

  • Brand name – Codine 15mg
  • Composition – Codeine
  • Popularity level – 7
  • It is an opium alkaloid that suppresses cough for about 6 hours. It exerts its antitussive effect by acting on opioid receptors in the brain.
  • Dosage –  10-30mg per day
  • Precautions – Do not drive or operate heavy machinery after consuming this medicine.
  • The use of this medicine is contraindicated in asthmathics.
  • Avoid use in children unless absolutely necessary.
  • Price – A pack of 10 tablets cost ₹62.

6. Ethylmorphine: Suppresses cough

  • Brand name – Dionindon 16mg
  • Composition – Ethylmorphine
  • Popularity level – 3
  • This drug is similar in action to codeine but has fewer side effects.
  • Dosage –  10-30mg per day
  • Do not drive or operate heavy machinery after consuming this medicine.
  • The use of this medicine is contraindicated in asthmathics.
  • Avoid use in children unless absolutely necessary.
  • Price – A pack of 10 tablets cost ₹72.

7. Pholcodeine: Suppresses cough

  • Brand name – Pholcodeine
  • Composition – Pholcodeine sulfate
  • Popularity level – 3
  • This drug is also similar in action to codeine but is longer acting.  It suppresses cough for upto 12 hours.
  • Dosage –  10-15mg per day

8. Noscapine: Cures a spasmodic cough

  • Brand name – Coscopin, Conos 25 mg
  • Composition – Noscapine
  • Popularity level – 6
  • It is an opium alkaloid. It depresses cough but has no narcotic action. This drug is mainly used to treat a spasmodic cough.
  • Dosage –  15-30mg per day
  • The use of this medicine is contraindicated in asthmathics.
  • Price – A pack of 10 tablets of conos 25 mg costs ₹80.

9. Dextromethorphan: Suppresses cough

  • Brand name – Dmr 20mg
  • Composition – Dextromethorphan
  • Popularity level – 6
  • It is an antitussive drug that acts as an antagonist on the NMDA receptors in the brain.
  • Dosage –  10-20mg per day
  • Price – A pack of 10 tablets cost ₹45.

10. Chlorphedianol: Suppresses cough for a long duration of time

  • Brand name – Detigon
  • Composition – Chlorphedianol
  • Popularity level – 3
  • It is a centrally acting antitussive drug with slow onset and longer duration of action.
  • Dosage –  30 to 40mg per day
  • Price – A pack of 10 tablets cost ₹80.

11. Prenoxdiazine: Cures cough of bronchial origin

  • Brand name – Prenoxid
  • Composition – Prenoxdiazine
  • Popularity level – 6
  • It is a peripherally acting antitussive, desensitizes the pulmonary stretch receptors and reduces tussal impulses originating in the lungs. It is indicated in cough of bronchial origin.
  • Dosage – 100-200mg, three or four times a day
  • Price – A pack of 10 tablets costs ₹270.

12. Benzonatate: Suppresses cough

  • Brand name – Tessalon Perles, Zonatus
  • CompositionBenzonatate
  • Popularity level – 4
  • Benzonatate is a non-narcotic oral cough suppressant, or antitussive, with effects that last from six to eight hours. Since it is not an opioid, benzonatate has no abuse liability, in contrast to some other cough medications such as codeine.
  • Dosage – 2-3tbspns, twice a day
  • Price – A 100ml bottle of zinatus syrup costs ₹55.

13. Ascoril-C (10/4 mg) Syrup: Cures a dry cough

  • Brand nameAscoril-C Syrup
  • Composition – Codeine (10 mg) + Chlorpheniramine (4 mg)
  • Popularity level – 6
  • Codeine works by changing the way the brain and nervous system respond to pain. It also acts on the part of the brain responsible for coughing. Chlorpheniramine blocks the action of certain substances produced by the body which induce allergic reactions such as a cough. Their combination is thus effective in the treatment of a dry cough.
  • Dosage –  2-3 tbsp twice a day
  • Precautions –  Do not drive or operate machines after taking this medicine
  • This medicine is not recommended for use in patients less than 12 years of age.
  • Price – A 120 ml bottle of the syrup costs ₹120.

14. Bro-Zedex: Cures cough and chest congestion

  • Brand name – Bro-Zedex syrup, Bro-Zedex tab
  • Composition –  Bromhexine, Guaifenesin, Menthol, Terbutaline
  • Popularity level – 8
  • Bro-Zedex is used as a medicine to support the body’s mechanisms for clearing mucus from the respiratory tract. It treats chest congestion. They belong to a group of medications called mucolytics, which work by breaking mucus down so that it is easier to cough out.
  • Dosage – This medication comes in the form of a tablet and a liquid. The tablets are usually taken 3 times daily, with plenty of liquid and after meals. The liquid form can be given 2 to 4 times per day.
  • Price – A 100ml bottle of bro Zedex syrup costs ₹100.

15. Chericof: Cures cough and stuffy nose

  • Brand name – Chericof syrup
  • Composition – Phenylephrine, Chlorpheniramine, Dextromethorphan
  • Popularity level – 8
  • This medication works by decreasing swelling in the nose and ears which makes breathing easier and lessens any discomfort.
  • Dosage – The dosage is based on your age. Without your doctor’s approval, do not increase your dose or frequency of this medication. Improper use of this drug can cause you serious harm.
  • Price – A 100ml bottle of the syrup costs ₹84.

16. Clistin Wet Syrup: Cures wet cough

  • Brand name – Clistin Wet Syrup
  • Composition – Ambroxol, Cetirizine, Guaifenesin
  • Popularity level – 6
  • It is a systemically active mucolytic agent which works by breaking down the structure of mucus in the lungs and therefore facilitating expectoration. It treats acute and chronic respiratory diseases accompanied by elevated mucus production.
  • Dosage –  The usual dosage of Clistin Wet Syrup for adults is 30 mg to 120 mg daily, taken in 2 to 3 divided doses.
  • You should not take this medicine if you are allergic to it if you are breastfeeding, if you ever had Stevens-Johnson syndrome, or if you are 12 years old or younger.
  • Price – A 100ml bottle of the syrup costs ₹75.

17. Clistin Dry Syrup: Cures dry cough

  • Brand name – Clistin Dry Syrup
  • Composition – Chlorpheniramine, Dextromethorphan, Phenylephrine
  • Popularity level – 6
  • Clistin Dry Syrup is an antihistamine which works by blocking the action of histamine in the body. It is used for relieving symptoms of sinus pressure, sinus congestion, runny nose, itching of the throat and nose, watery eyes, and sneezing due to upper respiratory infections, hay fever, and allergies.
  • Dosage – You can take this drug in the form of a tablet, capsule, or liquid form by mouth with or without food. This medicine is usually recommended only for a short time until your symptoms are cleared. Do not take it for longer than 7 days in a row.
  • You are advised to not use this medicine if you are allergic to it or if you are taking or have taken sodium oxybate, furazolidone or a monoamine oxidase inhibitor within the last 14 days.
  • Price – A 100ml bottle of the syrup costs ₹75.

18. Corex syrup: Cures dry cough

  • Brand name – Corex (10/4 mg) Syrup
  • Composition – Codeine (10 mg) + Chlorpheniramine (4 mg)
  • Popularity level – 8
  • Codeine works by changing the way the brain and nervous system respond to pain. It also acts on the part of the brain responsible for coughing. Chlorpheniramine blocks the action of certain substances produced by the body which induce allergic reactions such as a cough. Their combination is thus effective in the treatment of a dry cough.
  • Dosage –  2-3 tbsp twice a day
  • This medicine is not recommended for use in patients less than 12 years of age.
  • Price – A 100ml bottle of the syrup costs ₹85.

19. Coscopin Syrup: Suppresses cough

  • Brand name – Coscopin Syrup
  • Composition – Noscapine, Chlorpheniramine, Ammonium Chloride, Sodium Citrate
  • Coscopin Syrup is a type of drug known as an antitussive, which means that it is a cough suppressant, and used to treat patients suffering from cough.
  • Dosage –  The recommended dose for adults is 15 to 30 mg per day, while that for children is around 7.5 mg per day.
  • This medication is contraindicated to pregnant women (as it could cause harm to the fetus) and to patients that have had an allergic reaction to this medication or to any of its components in the past.
  • Price – A 100ml bottle of the syrup costs ₹80.

20. Grilinctus

  • Brand name – Grilinctus-L Suspension
  • Composition – Levocloperastine
  • Popularity level – 9
  • Grilinctus-L Suspension is a non-opioid anti-tussive agent, used for the treatment of a chronic, non-productive cough. This medicine blocks the signals from the brain that trigger cough reflex and thus helps in suppressing the cough.
  • Dosage – 2-3 tablespoons twice or thrice a day
  • The medicine is not recommended for use in patients less than 2 years of age.
  • Price – A 100ml bottle of the medicine costs ₹100.

 

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