List of 15 Best Medicines for Dehydration – Composition, Dosage, Popularity & More (2019)

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List of 15 Best Medicines for Dehydration - Composition, Dosage, Popularity & More (2019)

Dehydration occurs when your body loses more fluid than you take in. When the normal water content of your body is reduced, it upsets the balance of minerals (salts and sugar) in your body, which affects the way it functions. Water makes up over two-thirds of the healthy human body. It lubricates the joints and eyes, aids digestion, flushes out waste and toxins, and keeps the skin healthy.

Some of the early warning signs of dehydration include:

  • feeling thirsty and lightheaded
  • a dry mouth
  • tiredness
  • having dark coloured, strong-smelling urine
  • passing urine less often than usual

A baby may be dehydrated if they:

  • have a sunken soft spot (fontanelle) on their head
  • have few or no tears when they cry
  • have fewer wet nappies
  • are drowsy

The body is affected even when you lose a small amount of fluid.

Dehydration is usually caused by not drinking enough fluid to replace what we lose. The climate, the amount of physical exercise you are doing (particularly in hot weather) and your diet can contribute to dehydration.

You can also become dehydrated as a result of an illness, such as persistent vomiting and diarrhoea, or sweating from a fever.

The basic causes of dehydration are not taking in enough water, losing too much water, or a combination of both.

Sometimes, it is not possible to consume enough fluids because we are too busy, lack the facilities or strength to drink, or are in an area without potable water (while hiking or camping, for example). Additional causes of dehydration include:

Diarrhea – the most common cause of dehydration and related deaths. The large intestine absorbs water from food matter, and diarrhea prevents this from happening. The body excretes too much water, leading to dehydration.

Vomiting – leads to a loss of fluids and makes it difficult to replace water by drinking it.

Sweating – the body’s cooling mechanism releases a significant amount of water. Hot and humid weather and vigorous physical activity can further increase fluid loss from sweating. Similarly, a fever can cause an increase in sweating and may dehydrate the patient, especially if there is also diarrhea and vomiting.

Diabetes – high blood sugar levels cause increased urination and fluid loss. Tips for handling summer heat for people with diabetes.

Frequent urination – usually caused by uncontrolled diabetes, but also can be due to alcohol and medications such as diuretics, antihistamines, blood pressure medications, and antipsychotics.

Burns – blood vessels can become damaged, causing fluid to leak into the surrounding tissues.

Oral rehydration solutions are clinically formulated to contain the correct balance of fluid and electrolytes to hydrate very quickly. This allows for faster and more effective absorption of fluid and electrolytes by the body, and as a result, dehydration can be corrected very quickly.

Electrolyte-enhanced waters, particularly sports drinks, may benefit athletes by helping replenish water, electrolytes and energy lost during exercise.

During physical activity, you need additional fluids to replace the water lost in sweat. In fact, a water loss of as little as 1–2% of your body weight can lead to decreased strength, speed and focus.

Sweat also contains electrolytes, including a significant amount of sodium, as well as small amounts of potassium, calcium and magnesium. On average, you lose around 1 gram of sodium with every liter of sweat.

Sports drinks are recommended over plain water to replace fluid and electrolytes if you tend to sweat a lot, exercise longer than one hour or in hot environments.

You should note that sports drinks are designed for athletes, not sedentary individuals. Along with electrolytes, they contain calories from added sugar.


Top 15 Medicines for Dehydration in India (Tablets, Syrups, Ointment & More)

1) Pedialyte: Cures dehydration

  • Brand name – Pedialyte
  • Composition – Water, Dextrose. Less than 2% of: Citric Acid, Natural & Artificial Flavor, Potassium Citrate, Salt, Sodium Citrate, Sucralose, Acesulfame Potassium, Zinc Gluconate, and Yellow 6.
  • Popularity level – 5

Pedialyte Classic Liters are an advanced hydration solution specially formulated with the optimal balance of sugar and electrolytes needed to help replenish vital fluids and minerals, which when lost, can lead to dehydration. Pedialyte Classic Liters can help prevent dehydration* caused by vomiting, diarrhea, exercise, travel, and heat exhaustion.

Dosage: Use For infants under 1 year of age: Consult your doctor.For children 1 year and older and adults: Begin with small frequent sips every 15 minutes, increasing serving size as tolerated. Continue for as long as diarrhea is present.To maintain proper hydration, 1-2 liters (32 to 64 fl oz) of Pedialyte may be needed per day. Consult your doctor if vomiting, fever, or diarrhea continues beyond 24 hours or if consumption needs are greater than 2 liters (64 fl oz) per day.

Price: A 1 litre bottle of pedialyte costs ₹2500.


2) Hydralyte: Cures dehydration

  • Brand name – Hydralyte
  • Composition – Sodium chloride, Potassium citrate, Citric acid, Glucose
  • Popularity level – 6

Hydralyte may be taken on the first signs of fluid loss due to vomiting and diarrhoea.

Hydralyte may also be taken to help manage dehydration due to the loss of fluids through heavy sweating. This can be caused by a hot or dry environment, fever or strenuous exercise.

Hydralyte helps to restore fluid lost as a result of the diuretic effect of alcohol and is best taken before you go to bed.

Dosage: Mix Hydralyte immediately before required.

Fill measuring cup to the (200 mL) graduation line with fresh, cold drinking water. (For babies under 6 months it is recommended that freshly boiled and cooled water be used.)

Empty contents of one sachet into the measuring cup and stir the mixture until the Hydralyte powder has dissolved.

Sip slowly and frequently while symptoms persist.

Discard unused solution after 2 hours or 24 hours if refrigerated.

Avoid mixing Hydralyte powder with cordial, fruit juice, soft drink or sports drink as these can interfere with the rehydration process.

Price: A pack of 10 sachets of 4.9g each costs ₹1,760.


3) Enfalyte: Cures dehydration

  • Brand name – Enfalyte
  • Composition – WATER, CORN SYRUP SOLIDS, SALT (SODIUM CHLORIDE), POTASSIUM CITRATE, SODIUM CITRATE, CITRIC ACID.
  • Popularity level – 5

Enfalyte is an oral electrolyte solution designed to quickly replace electrolytes and water that may be lost during vomiting and diarrhea to help restore hydration.

Enfalyte has a higher level of electrolyte sodium and helps quickly restore hydration during illness.

Enfalyte is formulated with an optimal balance of carbohydrates to promote fluid and electrolyte absorption.

Dosage: Wash hands thoroughly with soap and water before preparing bottle for feeding.

Remove cap.

Attach nipple unit (not included).

WARNING: Do not use a microwave oven to warm solution. Serious burns may result.

Upon opening, either feed immediately or replace cap and store in refrigerator at 35-40°F (2-4°C) for no longer than 48 hours. Do not freeze. After feeding begins, use within one hour or discard.

Price: A 2fl oz pack of 6 bottles cost $10


4) Rehydralyte: Cures dehydration

  • Brand name – Rehydralyte
  • Composition – 2.5% glucose (dextrose), 75 mEq of sodium per liter
  • Popularity level – 6

It is used to restore fluid and minerals lost during moderate to severe diarrhea.

It contains 75 mEq of sodium per liter for effective replacement of fluid deficits and 5% glucose (dextrose) solution to promote sodium and water absorption and provide energy

Price: Rehydralyte Oral Electrolyte Rehydration Solution, Case of 24 Bottles- each 8 Ounces costs $9.


5) Resomal: Cures dehydration

  • Brand name – Resomal
  • Composition – 3.5 g sodium chloride, 2.9 g trisodium citrate dihydrate, 1.5 g potassium chloride, 20 g glucose
  • Popularity level – 8

Resomal means Rehydation Solution for Malnutrition. It is a form of Oral Rehydration Solution (ORS) used for correcting dehydration specifically in malnourished people especially children. Resomal is prepared in such a way that it has low Sodium content compared to the normal ORS used for correction of dehydration in diarrhea and high potassium because all malnourished children have high sodium content in their blood and low potassium, hence they are given Resomal and not ORS because the latter has higher sodium content which may cause a condition known as Hypernatraemia in the malnourished child.

  • Dosage: comes in 42g sachet as a powder that should be dissolved in 1 litre of water.
  • Price: A 42g sachet costs ₹15.

6) ORS powder: Cures dehydration

  • Brand name – WHO – ORS
  • Composition – 2.6 grams (0.092 oz) salt (NaCl), 2.9 grams (0.10 oz) trisodium citrate dihydrate, 1.5 grams (0.053 oz) potassium chloride (KCl), 13.5 grams (0.48 oz) anhydrous glucose per litre of fluid.
  • Popularity level – 9

The formula for the current WHO oral rehydration solution (also known as low-osmolar ORS or reduced-osmolarity ORS) is generally used for treating dehydration due to diarrhoea.

  • Dosage: comes in 42g sachet as a powder that should be dissolved in 1 litre of water.
  • Price: A 42g sachet costs ₹15.

7) DripDrop ORS: Cures dehydration

  • Brand name – DripDrop ORS
  • Composition – Sodium Citrate, Potassium Citrate, Chloride, Magnesium Citrate, Zinc Aspartate, Sucrose, Fructose, Dextrose and Sucralose
  • Popularity level – 8

DripDrop ORS contains a balanced amount of electrolytes (Sodium Citrate, Potassium Citrate, Chloride, Magnesium Citrate, Zinc Aspartate) and sugars (sucrose, fructose, dextrose and sucralose) to provide a fast-acting, performance enhancing hydration solution.

Dehydration can be from heat exhaustion, exercise, altitude sickness, hangovers, or sicknesses like the flu. DripDrop provides fast dehydration relief to help you recover & hydrate, whether post-workout or after a stomach bug or flu.

  • Dosage: Just add one powder packet into 16.9oz or 500ml of water to make one serving.
  • Price: DripDrop ORS Electrolyte Hydration Powder Sticks, Individual 21g Sticks, 4 Count cost $14.

8) Enerzal: Cures dehydration

  • Brand name – Enerzal
  • Composition – Sodium, Potassium, Calcium, Magnesium and Chloride ions, glucose and sucrose
  • Popularity level – 9

Energy and body salts lost during day-to-day activities are replaced by drinking EnerzaL, a balanced energy drink. EnerzaL offers instant energy (glucose) and sustained energy (sucrose). This helps a person to re-energize faster, work or play longer and perform better. Enerzal also replaces five vital body salts (Sodium, Potassium, Calcium, Magnesium and Chloride) lost due to sweat and excretion. These salts prevent muscle cramps and help in the nerve-muscle coordination and smooth functioning of the body. Enerzal is safe for all age groups.

  • Dosage: Dissolve the contents of one packet in 2 litres of water and consume within 24 hours.
  • Price: A 100 g packet costs ₹40.

9) Gatorade: Cures dehydration

  • Brand name – Gatorade Original Thirst Quencher
  • Composition – Water, Sucrose, Dextrose, Citric Acid, Natural Flavor, Salt, Sodium Citrate, Monopotassium Phosphate, Modified Food Starch, Red 40, Glycerol Ester of Rosin, Caramel Color.
  • Popularity level – 9

When you sweat, you lose more than water. Gatorade Thirst Quencher contains critical electrolytes to help replace what’s lost in sweat.

  • Dosage: Ready to drink formulation
  • Price: Gatorade Original Thirst Quencher Variety Pack, 20 Ounce Bottles (Pack of 12) costs $25.28

10) Powerade: Cures dehydration

  • Brand name – Powerade
  • Composition – Water, High Fructose Corn Syrup, less than 0.5% of: Citric Acid, Salt and Potassium Citrate and Magnesium Chloride and Calcium Chloride and Potassium Phosphate (Electrolyte Sources), Natural Flavors, Modified Food Starch, Calcium Disodium EDTA (to protect Color), Medium Chain Triglycerides (contains Coconut Oil), Sucrose Acetate Isobutyrate, Vitamin B3 (Niacinamide), Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine Hydrochloride), Vitamin B12, Blue 1.
  • Popularity level – 8

POWERADE is a sports drink that provides advanced hydration for players who are serious about their game. A 6% carbohydrate solution provides energy to working muscles, plus vitamins B3, B6, and B12. It’s the only nationally available sports drink with the ION4 advanced electrolyte system that replenishes four electrolytes lost in sweat.

  • Dosage: Ready to drink formulation
  • Price: POWERADE, Electrolyte Enhanced Sports Drinks w/ vitamins, 20 fl oz, 8 Pack costs $4.79

11) Throzt: Cures dehydration

  • Brand name – Throzt
  • Composition – Sodium, Magnesium, Potassium, L-isoleucine, L-leucine, L-valine and L-Glutamine
  • Popularity level – 7

THORZT contains the optimal mix of electrolytes, branch chain amino acids and low Gi carbohydrates for sustained energy release without the ‘sugar spike’.

  • Dosage: Ready to drink formulation.
  • Price: Check on the company website for price range.

12) Snapple: Cures dehydration

  • Brand name – Snapple Antioxidant Water
  • Composition – Purified water, sugar, potassium citrate (electrolyte), citric acid, natural flavors, fruit and vegetable juices (for color), modified corn starch, calcium lactate (electrolyte), calcium gluconate (electrolyte), magnesium lactate (electrolyte), vitamin E acetate, calcium disodium edta (to maintain freshness), grape seed extract, zinc gluconate (electrolyte), vitamin A palmitate, EGCG (epigallocatechin gallate), manganese gluconate (electrolyte)
  • Popularity level – 6

This drink is used to treat dehydration due to excessive sweating.

  • Dosage: Ready to drink formulation.
  • Price: A 20 ounce bottle costs 99 cents

13) Vitaminwater: Cures dehydration

  • Brand name – Vitaminwater
  • Composition – Reverse osmosis water, crystalline fructose, cane sugar, less than 0.5% of: citric acid, magnesiumlactate and calcium lactate and potassium phosphate (electrolyte sources), natural flavors, vitamin C (ascorbic acid), gum acacia, vitamin B3 (niacinamide), vitamin E (alpha-tocopheryl acetate), vitamin B5 (calcium pantothenate), glycerol ester of rosin, vitamin B6 (pyridoxine hydrochloride), vitamin B12, beta-carotene, modified food starch, sorbitol.
  • Popularity level – 7

This drink is used to treat dehydration due to excessive sweating.

  • Dosage: Ready to drink formulation.
  • Price: Vitaminwater zero, electrolyte enhanced water w/vitamins, 20 Fl. Oz, 12 pack costs $27

14) Electral powder: Cures dehydration

  • Brand name – Electral powder
  • Composition – Anhydrous dextrose 13.50 GM+Sodium chloride 2.60 GM+Sodium citrate 2.90 GM
  • Popularity level – 9

This electrolyte powder is used to treat dehydration due to chronic diarrhoea.

  • Dosage: Dissolve the contents of the sachet in one litre of water and consume within 24 hours.
  • Price: A 35g sachet costs ₹20

15) Bodyarmor: Cures dehydration

  • Brand name – Bodyarmor
  • Composition – Filtered Water, Pure Cane Sugar, Coconut Water Concentrate, Citric Acid, Maltodextrin, Dipotassium Phosphate (electrolyte), Natural Tropical Mandarin Flavor with other natural flavors, Green Tea Catechins, Ascorbic Acid (Vitamin C), Gum Arabic, Magnesium Oxide (electrolyte), Calcium d-Pantothenate (Vitamin B5), Niacinamide (Vitamin B3), dl-alpha-tocopheryl Acetate (Vitamin E), Apple Extract (75% polyphenols), Ester Gum, Naringine, L-Alanyl-Glutamine (Amino Acids), L-Carnitine(Amino Acid), Zinc Oxide, Yerba Mate Leaf Extractive, Pyridoxine Hydrochloride (Vitamin B6), Retinyl Palmitate (Vitamin A), Folic Acid, Beta-Apo-8 Carotenal (color) and Cyanocobalamin (Vitamin B12).
  • Popularity level – 7

BODYARMOR is a better hydration option to traditional sports drinks. It has more electrolytes, higher in vitamins and potassium, lower in sodium, contains coconut water, naturally sweetened with pure cane sugar, natural flavors and no colors from artificial sources.

  • Dosage: Ready to drink formulation
  • Price: Check on the company website for price range.

 

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