List of 13 Best Medicines for Giddiness – Composition, Dosage, Popularity & More (2019)

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List of 13 Best Medicines for Giddiness - Composition, Dosage, Popularity & More (2019)

Giddiness/Dizziness is the feeling of being lightheaded, woozy, or unbalanced. It affects the sensory organs, specifically the eyes and ears, so it can sometimes cause fainting. Dizziness isn’t a disease, but rather a symptom of various disorders.

Dizziness is common and its underlying cause usually isn’t serious. Occasional dizziness is not something to worry about. However, you should call your doctor immediately if you’re experiencing repeated episodes of dizziness for no apparent reason or for a prolonged period.

Common causes of dizziness include a migraine, medications, and alcohol. It can also be caused by a problem in the inner ear, where balance is regulated.

Dizziness is often a result of vertigo as well. The most common cause of vertigo and vertigo-related dizziness is benign positional vertigo (BPV). This causes short-term dizziness when someone changes positions quickly, such as sitting up in bed after lying down.

Dizziness and vertigo can also be triggered by Meniere’s disease. This causes fluid to build up in the ear with associated ear fullness, hearing loss, and tinnitus. Another possible cause for dizziness and vertigo is an acoustic neuroma. This is a noncancerous tumor that forms on the nerve that connects the inner ear to the brain.

People experiencing dizziness may feel various sensations, including:

  • lightheadedness or feeling faint
  • a false sense of spinning
  • unsteadiness
  • loss of balance
  • the feeling of floating or swimming

Sometimes, dizziness is accompanied by nausea, vomiting, or fainting. Seek emergency medical help if you have these symptoms for extended periods.

Several drugs have been used to decrease the spinning sensation, control nausea and vomiting and allay the anxiety caused by giddiness. A list of some of the commonly used drugs is given below. However, it is again emphasized that treating the underlying cause of genesis of giddiness will be more beneficial to the overall recovery of the patient than suppressing the symptoms.

Most giddiness suppressing medicines are advised to be taken for short durations only during the acute attack. These medicines should be stopped after the acute episode as when they are given for prolonged spells, they interfere with recovery initiated by the central nervous system called central compensation.


List of Top 13 Medicines For Giddiness

  1. Lorazepam
  2. Clonazepam
  3. Diazepam
  4. Betahistine hydrochloride
  5. Betahistine Mesilate
  6. Cinnarizine
  7. Dimenhydrinate
  8. Meclizine
  9. Scopolamine transdermal patch
  10. Metaclopromide
  11. Promethazine
  12. Ondansetron
  13. Piracetam

Top 13 Medicines for Giddiness in India (Tablets, Syrups, Ointment & More)

1. Lorazepam: Cures giddiness

  • Brand name – Ativan
  • Composition – Lorazepam
  • Popularity level – 6
  • Lorazepam is a BZD drug. Benzodiazepines act through the central nervous system by suppressing the vestibular responses. A sensory mismatch of the vestibular responses leads to the feeling of dizziness.
  • Benzodiazepines should be avoided in patients with myasthenia gravis, bronchitis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and sleep-apnea as they can cause depression of respiration.
  • Dosage –  0.5mg twice a day
  • Price – A pack of 30 tablets cost ₹70.

2. Clonazepam: Cures giddiness

  • Brand name – Klonopin
  • Composition – Clonazepam
  • Popularity level – 6
  • Clonazepam is also a BZD drug. Benzodiazepines act through the central nervous system by suppressing the vestibular responses. A sensory mismatch of the vestibular responses leads to the feeling of dizziness.
  • Benzodiazepines should be avoided in patients with myasthenia gravis, bronchitis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and sleep-apnea as they can cause depression of respiration.
  • Dosage –  0.5mg twice a day
  • Price – The cost for Klonopin oral tablet 0.5 mg is around $275 for a supply of 100 tablets.

3. Diazepam: Cures giddiness

  • Brand name – Valium
  • Composition – Diazepam
  • Popularity level – 6
  • Diazepam is also a BZD drug. Benzodiazepines act through the central nervous system by suppressing the vestibular responses. A sensory mismatch of the vestibular responses leads to the feeling of dizziness.
  • Benzodiazepines should be avoided in patients with myasthenia gravis, bronchitis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and sleep-apnea as they can cause depression of respiration.
  • Dosage –  0.5mg twice a day
  • Price – Valium costs $9.33 per pill or unit.

4. Betahistine hydrochloride: Cures Meniere’s disease

  • Brand name – Serc bromide
  • Composition – Betahistine hydrochloride
  • Popularity level – 5
  • Betahistine is a histamine analogue which acts as a weak H1 agonist and strong H3 receptor antagonist. It is available in 2 forms – betahistine hydrochloride and betahistine mesilate. It is used in the treatment of Meniere’s disease. It is said to be useful in increasing the blood supply to the inner ear and improve the compensatory process. Literature quotes betahistine to be effective in high doses. This salt should be avoided in patients with bronchial asthma and gastric ulcer in which a higher concentration of histamine can aggravate the condition.
  • Dosage – 8 to 16 mg, thrice daily with the meal
  • Price – Serc 8mg costs around $0.27 USD/tablet.

5. Betahistine Mesilate: Cures Meniere’s disease

  • Brand name – MS- beta, Alvert
  • Composition – Betahistine Mesilate
  • Popularity level – 5
  • Betahistine is a histamine analogue which acts as a weak H1 agonist and strong H3 receptor antagonist. It is available in 2 forms – betahistine hydrochloride and betahistine mesilate. It is used in the treatment of Meniere’s disease. It is said to be useful in increasing the blood supply to the inner ear and improve the compensatory process. Literature quotes betahistine to be effective in high doses. This salt should be avoided in patients with bronchial asthma and gastric ulcer in which a higher concentration of histamine can aggravate the condition.
  • Dosage –  6 to 12mg, thrice daily with the meal
  • Price – A pack of 10 tablets cost ₹35.

6. Cinnarizine: Prevents giddiness

  • Brand name – Stugeron
  • Composition – Cinnarizine
  • Popularity level – 8
  • Cinnarizine is an antihistamine and calcium channel blocker which acts by reducing the irritability of the inner ear receptors helping to reduce the sensory mismatch prevents constriction of blood vessels and improves the flexibility of red blood cells to improve blood supply to end organs. It is effective in acute episodes of vertigo. It also suppresses the vomiting center in the central nervous system. However, it should not be prescribed for long durations as it may lead to drug-induced Parkinsonism. Cinnarizine is also useful in the prevention of motion sickness.
  • Dosage – 15mg twice daily
  • Price – A pack of 25 tablets costs ₹100.

7. Dimenhydrinate: Prevents giddiness

  • Brand name – Dramamine
  • Composition – Dimenhydrinate
  • Popularity level – 6
  • Dimenhydrinate is an antihistamine which is available over the counter. It is an effective medicine to control nausea and vomiting which may be associated along with vertigo. It is used only during acute symptoms. Drug combinations having cinnarizine with dimenhydrinate are now available to control the dizziness along with the vomiting. Dimenhydrinate may cause dryness of mouth and drowsiness. Hence patients on this medication should avoid driving. It should not be given to patients suffering from glaucoma or urinary problems.
  • Dosage – 50 to 100mg every 4-6 hours as needed. The maximum dose is 400mg per day
  • Price – A pack of 10 tablets cost ₹10.

8. Meclizine: Prevents giddiness

  • Brand name – Antivert
  • Composition – Meclizine
  • Popularity level – 6
  • Meclizine is a medicine belonging to the anti-histaminic group. It is effective in reducing vertigo during the acute phase. It is the only anti-vertigo medicine which is safe during pregnancy and lactation. It is also useful to treat motion sickness and seasickness. Similar to other antihistamine drugs, meclizine also can cause drowsiness and dryness of mouth.
  • Dosage –  25 to 50 mg every 4-6 hours
  • Price – A pack of 100 caplets costs ₹1,125.

9. Scopolamine transdermal patch: Prevents chronic giddiness

  • Brand name – Transderm Scopo
  • Composition – Scopolamine
  • Popularity level – 7
  • Scopolamine has an anticholinergic effect on the muscarnic receptors, thus it prevents dizziness by acting on the central nervous system.
  • Dosage –  A patch should be replaced every third day
  • Price – A patch cost $10 per unit

10. Metaclopromide: Cure’s giddiness due to nausea and vomiting

  • Brand name – Reglan
  • Composition – Metaclopromide
  • Popularity level – 7
  • Metaclopromide is an antiemetic drug. Patients should avoid taking anything by mouth for at least 30 minutes after taking these medicines to be more effective.
  • Dosage –  5 to 10mg, twice a day
  • Price – The cost for Reglan oral tablet 5 mg is around $317 for a supply of 100 tablets.

11. Promethazine: Cure’s giddiness due to nausea and vomiting

  • Brand name – Phenargan
  • CompositionPromethazine
  • Popularity level – 7
  • Promethazine is an antiemetic drug that has antihistaminic action also.
  • Dosage –  5 to 10mg, twice a day
  • Price – A pack of 10 tablets cost ₹30.

12. Ondansetron: Cure’s giddiness due to nausea and vomiting

  • Brand name – Zofran
  • CompositionOndansetron
  • Popularity level – 6
  • Ondansetron is an antiemetic drug that also helps prevent giddiness.
  • Dosage – 5mg twice a day
  • Price – A pack of 20 tablets cost ₹35.

13. Piracetam: Prevents giddiness

  • Brand name – Nootropil
  • Composition – Piracetam
  • Popularity level – 7
  • Piracetam is a nootropic agent which is a derivative of the neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA). It is said to improve the neuroplasticity and provide neuroprotective effects. It reduces the adhesion of red blood cells, prevents spasm of smaller blood vessels and improves microcirculation. It is also said to improve cognition.
  • Dosage –  2.4 to 4.8mg per day
  • Price – A pack of 30 tablets costs ₹600.

 

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