List of 15 Best Medicines for Muscle Spasms – Composition, Dosage, Popularity & More (2019)

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Otherwise known as muscle cramps, spasms occur when a muscle involuntary and forcibly contracts and cannot relax. These are very common and can affect any muscle. Typically, they involve part or all of a muscle, or several muscles in a group. The most common sites for muscle spasms are the thighs, calves, foot arches, hands, arms, abdomen and sometimes along the ribcage. When occurring in the calves, especially, such cramps are known as “Charley horses.”

Muscle spasms range in intensity from mild twitches to severe pain. The spastic muscle may feel harder than normal to the touch, and/or appear visibly distorted. It may show visible signs of twitching. Spasms may typically last from seconds to 15 minutes or longer, and may recur multiple times before going away.

Muscle spasms can occur at any time to anyone. Whether you are old, young, sedentary or active, you may develop a muscle spasm. It can happen when you walk, sit, perform any exercise, or even sleep. Some individuals are prone to muscle spasms and get them regularly with any physical exertion. However, those who are at greater risk for muscle spasms are infants, the elderly (over age 65), people who overexert during exercise, those who are ill, and endurance athletes.

Common causes of muscle spasms are :

Insufficient stretching before physical activity.

  • Muscle fatigue
  • Exercising in heated temperatures
  • Dehydration
  • Electrolyte imbalances in potassium, magnesium, and calcium

Muscle relaxers, or muscle relaxants, are medications used to treat muscle spasms or muscle spasticity. Prescription drugs can help relieve the pain and discomfort from muscle spasms or spasticity. In addition, certain over-the-counter medications may be used to treat aches and pains associated with muscle spasms.

Centrally acting SMRs are used in addition to rest and physical therapy to help relieve muscle spasms. They’re thought to work by causing a sedative effect or by preventing your nerves from sending pain signals to your brain. You should only use these muscle relaxants for up to 2 or 3 weeks. The safety of longer-term use is not yet known.

While antispasmodics can be used to treat muscle spasms, they have not been shown to work better than nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or acetaminophen. In addition, they have more side effects than NSAIDs or acetaminophen.

Muscle relaxants such as carisoprodol and diazepam can be habit-forming. Be sure to take your medication exactly as prescribed by your doctor.

Muscle relaxants can also cause withdrawal symptoms, such as seizures or hallucinations (sensing things that aren’t real). Do not suddenly stop taking your medication, especially if you’ve been taking it for a long time.

Also, muscle relaxants depress your central nervous system (CNS), making it hard to pay attention or stay awake. While taking a muscle relaxant, avoid activities that require mental alertness or coordination, such as driving or using heavy machinery.


List of Top 15 Medicines For Muscle Spasms

  1. Carisoprodol
  2. Chlorzoxazone
  3. Cyclobenzaprine
  4. Metaxalone
  5. Methocarbamol
  6. Orphenadrine
  7. Tizanidine
  8. Baclofen
  9. Dantrolene
  10. Diazepam
  11. Clonazepam
  12. Lorazepam
  13. Alprazolam
  14. Aleve
  15. Advil Capsule

Top 15 Medicines for Muscle Spasms in India (Tablets, Syrups, Ointment & More)

1. Carisoprodol: Cures muscle spasms

  • Brand name – Soma
  • Composition – Carisoprodol
  • Popularity level – 6
  • Soma (carisoprodol) is a muscle relaxer that blocks pain sensations between the nerves and the brain. Soma is used together with rest and physical therapy to treat skeletal muscle conditions such as pain or injury.
  • Dosage – Soma is usually taken 3 times per day and at bedtime. Follow your doctor’s dosing instructions very carefully. Soma should be taken only 2 or 3 weeks. Call your doctor if your symptoms do not improve, or if they get worse.
  • Price – A pack of 10 tablets cost ₹30.

2. Chlorzoxazone: Cures muscle spasms

  • Brand name – Lorzone
  • Composition – Chlorzoxazone
  • Popularity level – 7
  • Chlorzoxazone is used to treat muscle spasms/pain. It is usually used along with rest, physical therapy, and other treatment. It works by helping to relax the muscles.
  • Dosage –  Take this medication by mouth with or without food as directed by your doctor, usually 3 or 4 times a day.
  • Price – The cost for Lorzone oral tablet 375 mg is around $794 for a supply of 100 tablets.

3. Cyclobenzaprine: Cures muscle spasms

  • Brand name – Fexmid
  • Composition – Cyclobenzaprine
  • Popularity level – 7
  • Cyclobenzaprine is used short-term to treat muscle spasms. It is usually used along with rest and physical therapy. It works by helping to relax the muscles.
  • Dosage – Take this medication by mouth with or without food as directed by your doctor, usually 3 times a day.
  • Price – The cost for Fexmid oral tablet 7.5 mg is around $732 for a supply of 100 tablets.

4. Metaxalone: Cures muscle spasms

  • Brand name – Skelaxin
  • Composition – Metaxalone
  • Popularity level – 8
  • Metaxalone is used to treat muscle spasms/pain. It is usually used along with rest, physical therapy, and other treatment.
  • Dosage – Take this medication by mouth with or without food as directed by your doctor, usually 3 or 4 times a day. If you take this medication after a high-fat meal and experience side effects, it may be best to take this drug on an empty stomach or after a light meal.
  • Price – The cost for Skelaxin oral tablet 800 mg is around $161 for a supply of 30 tablets.

5. Methocarbamol: Cures muscle spasms

  • Brand name – Robaxin
  • CompositionMethocarbamol
  • Popularity level – 5
  • Methocarbamol is used to treat muscle spasms/pain. It is usually used along with rest, physical therapy, and other treatment. It works by helping to relax the muscles.
  • Dosage – As directed by your physician
  • Price – The price range for Methocarbamol 500 mg is $0.39 – $0.49 per pill or unit.

6. Orphenadrine: Cures muscle spasms

  • Brand name – Norflex
  • Composition – Orphenadrine
  • Popularity level – 5
  • Orphenadrine is used to treat muscle spasms/pain. It is usually used along with rest, physical therapy, and other treatment.
  • Dosage – Take this medication by mouth with or without food as directed by your doctor, usually twice daily. Do not increase your dose or use this drug more often or for longer than prescribed. Your condition will not improve any faster, and your risk of side effects will increase.
  • Price – The price range for Norflex 100 mg is $0.7 – $2.5 per pill or unit.

7. Tizanidine: Cures muscle spasms

  • Brand name – Zanaflex
  • Composition – Tizanidine
  • Zanaflex (tizanidine) is a short-acting muscle relaxer. It works by blocking nerve impulses (pain sensations) that are sent to your brain. Zanaflex is used to treat spasticity by temporarily relaxing muscle tone.
  • Dosage – Take this medication by mouth as directed by your doctor, usually every 6 to 8 hours.
  • Price – The cost for Zanaflex oral capsule 2 mg is around $437 for a supply of 150 capsules.

8. Baclofen: Prevents muscle spasms

  • Brand name – Lioresal
  • CompositionBaclofen
  • Popularity level – 6
  • Baclofen is used to treat muscle spasms caused by certain conditions (such as multiple sclerosis, spinal cord injury/disease). It works by helping to relax the muscles.
  • Dosage – Take this medication by mouth with or without food as directed by your doctor, usually 3 times a day. To reduce your risk of side effects, your doctor may direct you to start this medication at a low dose and gradually increase your dose. Follow your doctor’s instructions carefully.
  • Price – A pack of 10 tablets costs ₹100.

9. Dantrolene: Prevents muscle spasms

  • Brand name – Dantrium
  • Composition – Dantrolene
  • Popularity level – 7
  • This medication is used to treat muscle tightness and cramping (spasms) caused by certain nerve disorders such as spinal cord injury, stroke, cerebral palsy, and multiple sclerosis. It works by relaxing the muscles. Dantrolene helps reduce muscle pain and stiffness, improves your ability to move around, and lets you do more of your daily activities.
  • Dosage – Take the tablet orally, once or twice a day. Do not take more than 400g per day.
  • Price – A bottle of 100 capsules cost $52.

10. Diazepam: Prevents muscle spasms

  • Brand name –  Valium
  • Composition – Diazepam
  • Popularity level – 8
  • Diazepam is used to relieve muscle spasms and to provide sedation before medical procedures. This medication works by calming the brain and nerves. Diazepam belongs to a class of drugs known as benzodiazepines.
  • Dosage – Take this medication by mouth with or without food as directed by your doctor. If you are using the liquid form of this medication, carefully measure the dose using a special measuring device/spoon. Do not use a household spoon because you may not get the correct dose.
  • Price – A pack of 30 tablets costs $7.

11. Clonazepam: Prevents muscle spasms

  • Brand name – Klonopin
  • Composition – Clonazepam
  • Popularity level – 6
  • Clonazepam is a benzodiazepine drug that works by calming your brain and nerves. It is used to relieve muscle spasms and to provide sedation before medical procedures.
  • Dosage – Take this medication by mouth as directed by your doctor, usually 2 or 3 times daily.
  • Price – The cost for Klonopin oral tablet 0.5 mg is around $275 for a supply of 100 tablets.

12. Lorazepam: Prevents muscle spasms

  • Brand name – Ativan
  • Composition – Lorazepam
  • Popularity level – 5
  • Lorazepam belongs to a class of drugs known as benzodiazepines which act on the brain and nerves (central nervous system) to produce a calming effect. This drug works by enhancing the effects of a certain natural chemical in the body (GABA).
  • Dosage –  As directed by your physician
  • Price – A pack of 10 tablets cost ₹40.

13. Alprazolam: Prevents muscle spasms

  • Brand name – Xanax
  • Composition – Alprazolam
  • Popularity level – 5
  • Alprazolam belongs to a class of medications called benzodiazepines which act on the brain and nerves (central nervous system) to produce a calming effect. It works by enhancing the effects of a certain natural chemical in the body (GABA).
  • Dosage –  Take this medication by mouth as directed by your doctor. Dosage is based on your medical condition, age, and response to treatment. Your dose may be gradually increased until the drug starts working well. Follow your doctor’s instructions closely to reduce the risk of side effects.
  • Price – The cost for Xanax oral tablet 0.25 mg is around $426 for a supply of 100 tablets.

14. Aleve: Relieves pain due to muscle spasms

  • Brand name – Bayer’s Aleve
  • Composition – Naproxen sodium
  • Popularity level – 5
  • Aleve (naproxen) is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory (NSAID) medication that is available over the counter. OTC Aleve comes in caplets, tablets, gelcaps, and liquid gels. It can be used to relieve pain from abdominal spasms during menstruation.
  • Dosage –  Aleve is generally taken every 8 to 12 hours.
  • Price – A pack containing 320 capsules of the medicine costs around $25

15. Advil Capsule: Relieves pain due to muscle spasms

  • Brand name – Advil
  • Composition – Ibuprofen
  • Popularity level – 6.5
  • The main ingredient of the medicine is Ibuprofen. Each capsule consists of 500mg of the Non-selective COX inhibitor which is traditionally a non-steroidal inflammatory drug.
  • Dosage – The maximum dosage for an adult is 3200mg a day.
  • Overdosage of this fever medicine can lead to complications like intestinal lining damage, bloating of the stomach with gas, constipation etc. Ibuprofen should be avoided by pregnant and heart disease prone women.
  • Price – Advil is supplied as a 200mg capsule. A pack containing 100 capsules costs about $11

 

 

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