Colitis: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment

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Colitis: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment

What is Colitis?

The inflammation of colon lining is also known as colitis. It is also called ulcerative colitis where the presence of ulcer can be noted. Colitis is capable of causing diarrhoea, abdominal pain, bloating or bloody stool. Ulcerative colitis can also be linked with crohn’s disease.

It generally affects the small intestine and colon lining.

How does it affect the body?

Colitis can affect the body in the following number of ways. It can cause bleeding in the colon. Therefore, it can cause abdominal pain and cramping. There may be a problem in defecation also. The patient reports of abdominal discomfort. It can cause the formation of ulcerations in the colon lining.

What are the causes of Colitis?

These are the causes responsible for the formation of colitis.

  • Infection can cause colitis.
  • The decrease in blood supply to the column may be one of the reasons of colitis.
  • Inflammatory bowel disease can lead to the formation of colitis or crohn’s disease.
  • Allergy to any component may cause microscopic colitis.

Bacteria : campylobacter, shigella, e. Coli, yersinia, salmonella

What are the risk factors?

Crohn’s disease can cause a risk factor of turning to ulcerative colitis in its full form. Age plays a factor where ulcerative colitis can usually begin before 30 years of age.

Race and ethnicity may also be contributing factors. White skinned people have an increased risk of developing this disease. Family history can also have an influence as a risk factor.

What are the symptoms?

The symptoms of colitis are given down as below.

  • Pain from inflammation may occur with intermittent spasms.
  • Diarrhoea may occur.
  • There is an occurrence of fever with chills and malaise .
  • Overall fatigue & dehydration may be noticed with joint pain.
  • Swelling may be noticed with skin inflammation and abdominal cramping and bloating.

What are the diagnosis methods?

The doctor will want to know the patient history, traveling history.

Tell the doctor if you have the occurrence of Bloody stool. Blood pressure may be checked and the temperature for fever is also checked. Examination of the colon is required through Colonoscopy. The patient is subjected to computerized tomography or CT scan.

How can it be prevented and controlled?

The prevention and control methods for colitis are listed down as below.

  • Adoption of a Healthy lifestyle is required where management of stress is done.
  • Redefined diet is required with proper hydration and regular exercise.
  • The doctor will advise you to increase the amount of vitamin D in your body.

What are the treatments available?

The Homoeopathic treatments available for colitis are given down as below.

  • Natural Sources like aloe vera turmeric, slippery elm bark, liquorice may be used.
  • Other treatments include allopathic medicines like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, aminosalicylates, corticosteroids, and immunomodulators.
  • Long-lasting treatment may be required in this case. Antibiotics may be provided in cases of infection. Aminosalicylates are also prescribed along with biological therapies. The goal is to keep the lining of the colon as healthy as possible.

What are the lifestyle tips recommended?

The lifestyle tips that are recommended for the management of colitis are given down as below.

Supportive care may be needed in a few patients. Lifelong treatment is required in some cases. Therefore, it is advised that the patient has a firm support group of family or doctors.

What are the recommended exercise for colitis?

These are the recommended exercise for colitis. Biking is required for cycling can be done & reduction of stress is recommended. A low-impact workout is recommended by the doctor. The doctor will tell you to do walking or jogging.

However, activities requiring vigorous physical assistance may not be attempted during this time period.

What are the interactions with pregnancy or other diseases?

Interactions with pregnancy and colitis are given down as below. In pregnant mothers, colitis can cause premature childbirth. Baby can have decreased birth weight. It may also cause interactions with infectious diseases of the small intestine.

What are the common complications of colitis?

The common complications of colitis are given down as below. It can cause Arthritis, skin ulcerations, liver disorders, immune system disorders, small intestine disorders in the patient.

FAQS

Q. What is the life expectancy of someone with ulcerative colitis?

Up to one-third of patients will require such surgery after 20 years of UC. The life expectancy of people with UC is not unlike that of the general population, although there is a significant risk of colorectal cancer that increases with the severity and duration of the disease.

Q. Can an ulcerative colitis flare up go away on its own?

Ulcerative colitis tends to be a progressive condition that does not get better on its own. Without treatment, symptoms may persist and get worse, and inflammation may spread within the colon. There is also a risk for further damage to the lining of the colon with every flare-up.

Q. Is it harder to get pregnant with ulcerative colitis?

Generally speaking, women whose ulcerative colitis or Crohn’s disease is in remission can become pregnant as easily as other women of the same age. However, women with active IBD may have more difficulty becoming pregnant. Conceiving during a disease flare is not advised.

Q. What happens if you leave ulcerative colitis untreated?

As a result, you may experience bleeding and diarrhea, which are characteristic of ulcerative colitis. It is important to receive treatment for ulcerative colitis. If left untreated, it can increase the risk of more serious complications in the long run.

Q. What triggers ulcerative colitis flare up?

The alcohol in beer, wine and mixed drinks can stimulate your intestines and can make diarrhea worse. Carbonated drinks also can be trouble because they frequently produce gas. Manage stress. While stress doesn’t cause ulcerative colitis, it may make your symptoms worse and may trigger flare-ups.

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