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Coronavirus has been regarded as a pandemic virus by the World Health Organization (WHO). Creating an SOS situation across the globe, this virus has managed to shut off countries, keeping people hidden inside their homes. This, in turn, is instilling a sense of panic not just in people but large governmental and medical organizations as well.
Coronavirus is a large family of viruses that are causing life-threatening illness, called Covid-19, beginning from a common cold and ending at a severe disease called Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV).
However, this novel coronavirus is a new stream that has never been identified before. And, unfortunately, even after months of its outbreak, no cure has been discovered to treat this problem yet.
Symptoms of COVID-19 You Must Know About
While the Coronavirus is a novel one, the disease caused by it is called as Covid-19. However, something to keep in mind here is that if somebody contracts this virus, symptoms don’t appear immediately. Even for a mild sign to come up, it can take anywhere between 2-15 days.
Also, symptoms of Covid-19 are as common as seasonal flu; hence, once must remain extremely cautious. Some of the basics symptoms are:
A patient who has contracted Covid-19 experiences high temperature that doesn’t show any signs of getting under control. Also, the fever may make the person feel tired and weak in the knees so much so that they may end up dragging themselves from one place to another if they aren’t aware of the real cause.
Since coronavirus travels through eyes, nose and mouth, causing cough is another symptom of this illness. There is no likelihood of the type of cough a patient may experience. Because of irritation in the throat, one can either experience dry or any other type of cough.
3. Shortness of Breath
Coronavirus travels through the body and reaches the lungs. Ultimately, it starts filling the lungs with a fluid, which causes difficulty in breathing. Initially, when the fluid is in limited quantity, the infected person may experience shortness of breath. However, if the patient doesn’t seek help on time, it wouldn’t take much time for the situation to become worse.
4. Additional Symptoms
Apart from the ones mentioned above, a patient may also experience fatigue, sore throat, headache, pains and aches in the body. If you begin showing any of the above-mentioned symptoms, always consult a doctor first. Do not self-medicate.
Precautions to be Taken to Prevent Yourself from COVID-19
Unfortunately, there is no adequate cure yet for Covid-19. However, there are a few precautions that you can take to protect yourself from contracting this illness.
1. Carry a Bottle of Sanitizer
It is advisable to wash your hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, especially before you eat and after going to the bathroom. In case you are travelling or are an office-goer, keep a bottle of sanitizer with you and use it frequently in a day. As per the experts, if the sanitizer is alcohol-based, it will be much better.
2. Use a Mask
Since COVID-19 is a contagious disease, it can spread through contact of humans. If a Covid-19 infected person sneezes or coughs around you, then you may also get infected by the deadly virus. Coronavirus can stay on surfaces like metal and plastic for a long time. Hence, whenever you step out in a public place, don’t forget using a mask. More so, it is imperative to wear a mask if you are already suffering from the flu.
3. Maintain Distance From People With Cold, Cough & Fever
Another precaution to take is to maintain at least 1 metre of distance from infected people or the ones who are sneezing or coughing. The reason behind this precaution is when somebody sneezes or coughs, they may spray small liquid droplets from mouth or nose that may have a virus. Being too close to that person may cause inhaling the virus. Hence, try to maintain as much distance as possible.
4. Avoid Crowded Areas
For the same reasons to avoid getting the infection, try and stay away from crowded areas. Try to stay inside your home as much as possible. If there arises a dire need to step out, make sure you are masked and have a sanitizer in a bag.
5. Wash Your Hands Frequently
Washing hands and sanitizing them can help you prevent getting infected. Coronavirus is a respiratory virus that can also spread if a healthy person touches a contracted person or surface and then touches his face or nose, unknowingly. To cut off the risk of catching this virus via hands wash your hands every day and very often for 20 seconds Just ensure that you do not waste a lot of water while washing your hands.
6. Follow Proper Sneezing And Coughing Etiquette
While coughing and sneezing, follow proper etiquettes. Cover your mouth and nose with a flexed elbow or tissue while sneezing and coughing. Do not forget to dispose the tissue off immediately after use.
Areas Affected in India
India too like every other country has been hit by the massive wave of Coronavirus outbreak with over 100 new cases coming up every day. States like Mumbai, Punjab, Haryana, Delhi, Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh have been worst hit by the COVID-19. In India, this pandemic has taken the lives of 28 people. Other states that have been affected include Kerala, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh Rajasthan and many more. Currently, the nation is under a 3-week lockdown that would be revoked on April 15, 2020.
Countries Affected Worldwide
Since the virus has already been tagged as a pandemic, the world is stuck in its claws. Starting from China, numerous countries are now struggling to break free from the clutches of this pandemic including United States, France, United Kingdom, Germany, etc., along with one of the worst hits Italy. Till now, more than 7-Lakh people have tested positive for Coronavirus globally. And this number is rising with the passing days.
History of Coronavirus
It was back in the 1960s when a detailed description of this virus emerged. The virus got its name from a distinctive corona or a crown of sugary-proteins that develops from such an envelope that surrounds the particles.
Accordingly, there are four well-known genuses in the family, called Alphacoronavirus, Betacoronavirus, Deltacoronavirus, and Gammacoronavirus. The first infected mammals include pigs, bats, humans, and cats. While Gammacoronavirus infects birds, Deltacoronavirus can infect both mammals and birds.
Facts About Coronavirus
- Coronavirus is transmitted through infected respiratory droplets and is not an airborne disease
- Antibiotics do not work against curing Coronavirus
- The incubation period for Coronavirus ranges from 1-14 days
- Smoking and wearing multiple masks during Coronavirus outbreak can be harmful
- COVID-19 has similar symptoms like that of an influenza virus