Dextrose: Uses, Dosage, Side Effects , Price, Composition, Precautions & More

Dextrose Composition – Not Available
Manufactured By – Baxter
Prescription – Prescription Required
Form – Injection
Price – Rs 28.54
Quantity – 10ml

What is Dextrose?

  • Dextrose or glucose is a form of natural sugar that is normally produced by the liver.
  • It is a non-pyrogenic solution for fluid replenishment and caloric supply for intravenous or oral administration and as treatment of low blood sugar (hypoglycemia), most often in people with diabetes mellitus.
  • Dextrose also provide carbohydrate calories to a person who cannot eat because of illness, trauma, or other medical condition.
Buy at the best price: 1mg | Practo

Uses of Dextrose

Dextrose is prescribed for:

  • Hypoglycemia
  • Insulin shock
  • Dehydration
  • It may also be used to treat hyperkalemia (high levels of potassium in your blood) and sometimes given to people who are sick from drinking too much alcohol
Also Read: Dynapar Uses | Eptoin Uses

How does Dextrose work?

Dextrose works by quickly increasing the amount of glucose in your blood.

Also Read: Duolin Composition

How to take Dextrose?

  • Dextrose is administered orally in the form of tablets.
  • It is also given via injection into the vein.
Also Read: Diamox Price

Common dosage of Dextrose

  • For hypoglycemia, oral dose is 4-20 g as a single dose.
  • For infants under 6 month’s dosage range is 0.25-0.5 g/kg/dose (1-2 ml/kg/dose of 25% solution) intravenously.
  • For infants over 6 months and children, dosage range is 0.5-1 g/kg up to 25 g (2-4 ml/kg/dose of 25% solution) intravenously.
Also Read: Duphalac Dosage

When to avoid Dextrose & Precautions to take?

  • Avoid using dextrose if you are allergic to it or any other inactive ingredients present along with it.
  • Before taking dextrose, tell your doctor if you have diabetes (unless using it to treat hypoglycemia), electrolyte imbalance, breathing problem and kidney or liver disease.
  • Rebound hypoglycemia may occur following sudden withdrawal.
Also Read: Digene Precaution

Side Effects of Dextrose

  • Increased urination
  • Weakness
  • Confusion
  • Muscle twitching
  • Swelling at injection site
  • Light-headed feeling
  • Fever
  • Flushing for several minutes after injection

Effect on organs?

No adverse effects have been reported yet.


Reported allergic reactions?

Allergic reactions may include:

  • Hives
  • Rash
  • Itching
  • Wheezing
  • Shortness of breath
  • Swelling of face, throat, hands or legs

Drug interactions to be careful about?

Only minor interaction with following drugs have been reported:

  • Magnesium chloride
  • Magnesium citrate
  • Magnesium hydroxide
  • Magnesium oxide
  • Magnesium sulfate

Shows effects

  • Dextrose is oxidized to carbon dioxide and water which provides glucose with the release of energy.
  • Peak effect of dextrose can be observed within 10 minutes (hypoglycemia) and in 40 minutes when taking oral tablets.

Storage Requirements for Dextrose

  • Keep it in an air-tight container.
  • Keep it away from direct light or moisture.
  • Keep it out of reach of children.

Pro Tips when taking Dextrose

  • Dextrose is a form of sugar (glucose).
  • It is injected into a vein through an IV to replace lost fluids and provide carbohydrates to the body.
  • Diabetic patients should carefully monitor their blood sugar when taking it.

FAQs – Things to Know About Dextrose

Is Dextrose addictive?

No

Can I have Dextrose with alcohol?

No

Any particular food item to be avoided?

No; not until your doctor tells you otherwise.

Can I have Dextrose when pregnant?

Yes; only if benefit outweigh the risks.

Can I have Dextrose when feeding a baby?

No

Can I drive after taking Dextrose?

Yes

What happens if I overdose on Dextrose?

Overdose of dextrose may cause weakness, dizziness, confusion, fever etc.

What happens if I eat expired Dextrose?

Expired Dextrose may become ineffective in treating your prescribed conditions, thus to be on the safe side, it is important not to use expired drug.

What happens if I miss a dose of Dextrose?

If you miss a dose of Dextrose, skip it and continue with your normal schedule. Do not double dose for a missed one.

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