Erythema: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment

Erythema: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment

What is Erythema?

Erythema is also defined as the inflammation of the skin. The word erythema suggest redness of skin and mucous membrane. It is caused by hyperemia or increases blood flow under the skin. It can occur in conjunction with skin injury, infection or inflammation of any kind. Non pathological erythema consists of nervous blushes.

Erythema multiforme is a hypersensitivity reaction to an infection or, in some cases, a medicine. This reaction causes red, target-shaped or “bulls-eye” patches or sores on the skin. In more severe cases (called erythema multiforme major), it also can affect the lips and inside of the mouth.

How does it affect the body?

Erythema can attack your body’s immune response. It can form bumps and rashes on the skin. Erythema can also be caused due to hypersensitivity reactions where skin disorders on legs. Teachers on the skin can be violent which can cause a burning sensation.

ABC multiforme can also occur due to herpes infection or cold sores. It can also cause the formation of patchy, red and swollen skin with rashes and bumps.

What are the causes of Erythema?

The causes of erythema can be listed out as below.

  • It can occur due to any pre-existing disease which skin related. It can occur as an allergy to medications.
  • It can be caused due to allergy reactions with birth control pills for oestrogen pills. It can come from animal scratches or infectious contact
  • it can be caused due to infectious mononucleosis, Behcets disease, inflammatory bowel disease.

Erythema multiforme can be caused due to herpes infection or cold sores. It can be caused due to a bacterial infection caused by mycoplasma, fungus, virus.

What are the risk factors of Erythema?

These are the risk factors available for erythema. The strong risk factors include prior occurrence to anything, HSV infection, mycoplasma pneumonia.

The moderate factors include cmv infection, EBV infection, hepatitis B infection, histoplasmosis, HIV infection, lymphoma, O RF virus, medicine reactions, tattoos, syphilis.

What are the symptoms of Erythema?

The symptoms include fever, fatigue, body pain, swelling of body parts.

  • Other symptoms include red patches on the skin which becomes scaly afterward.
  • There are enlarged lymph nodes on the chest area.
  • There a presence of bumps, rashes, and redness on the skin.
  • It can also cause coughing and sore throat infection.

What is the diagnosis of Erythema?

These are the diagnosis available for erythema.

  • It can require a finger pressure test or blenching.
  • It can require skin patch test for Biopsy of the skin.
  • It can require an allergy test or pyrogen test.
  • Association with Lyme disease is checked as well.
  • In infant diaper rash should be checked to avoid being uncomfortable.

What are the prevention and control measures required?

The prevention and control methods require the following ways :

Stop using medication which is currently triggering the symptoms. Uses of antihistamine can be done. A cream or moisturizer should be used for the skin and forthe reduction in itching. Pain Killers can be used for pain.

What are the treatment options for Erythema?

These are the treatment options available for erythema. Anti inflammation medications can be taken. Intravenous oral cortisone can be taken. Colchicine in is used for reduction in inflammation.

For treatment of allergic reactions and infection, the causative organism should be identified first. The medications are prescribed accordingly.

The other methods of erythema treatment include the :

  • intake of collagen supplements for the skin.
  • It also includes autoimmune skin diseases test.
  • Identification of the skin Rash needs to be done and treated.

What are the lifestyle tips for patients suffering from Erythema?

These are the lifestyle tips & treatment given for patients :

  • identify the source of an allergic reaction. If it is a medication stop it immediately.
  • Consider the use of an antihistamine. Use a cream or moisturizer for reducing itching.
  • Use painkiller for pain, if there is any. eat healthy food and proper nutrients are required.
  • Consider using injection for the reduction in inflammation.

What are the recommended exercise?

There are no particular exercise required for erythema. Seek treatment as soon as possible, do not ignore. Maintain healthy posture to reduce body pain and inflammation.

What are the interactions with diseases and pregnancy?

 Erythema can be a common or currents in childbearing mothers. It may go away naturally for required oral medication. The reasons can range from oral contraceptive use and can cause it . Contact a doctor if severe symptoms continue to occur.

Erythema is also a common occurrence in patients with HIV infection. Look for autoimmune skin disorders. Contact the doctor if the symptoms do refuse to go away in a few days.

What are the common complications?

These are considered to be the common complications of erythema. It can cause severe infection of other body parts. The infection can reach a point of sepsis. It can cause infection in the genital area or mouth. Inflammation can occur in larger levels. It can cause skin disorders associated with the formation of patchy skin, red skin.


Q. What are the possibilities of treatment of minor erythema multiforme?

Mild cases of erythema multiforme require only symptomatic treatment in the emergency department (ED). It may include the following :

  • analgesics or nonsteroidal inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs);
  • cold compresses with saline or Burrow solution;
  • topical steroids;
  • and soothing oral treatments such as saline gargles, viscous lidocaine,
  • and diphenhydramine elixir.

Q. What are the treatment for ocular involvement of erythema multiforme?

For the treatment of E. Multiforme related ocular disorders:

  • Wash With wetting solutions,
  • ocular solutions which help in maintaining moisture inside the eye
  • Eye ointment

Q. How should be the patient suffering from erythema multiforme be monitored?

The patient suffering from erythema multiforme should be monitored in the following ways.

  • Get a skin patch test and recommend the use of sunscreen for more than 1 year.
  • Medication of hyperpigmentation should be provided, along with checking for other infections.

Q. How to understand if I have conducted erythema or not?

The presence of erythema in a patient’s body will cause the formation of bull’s eye patches on the skin. This will also cause redness and swelling.

Q. Can the occurrence of erythema be painful?

Yes, the occurrence of erythema nodosum can be painful. It generally causes rashes and bumps on the cutaneous and the subcutaneous area. It can affect the underlying layers of the skin.




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