Fever: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment

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Fever: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment

What is a Fever?

Fever is a condition which occurs with higher than normal body temperature in patients. It occurs at a reaction against the infection caused by some microorganism. The body’s immune response helps in increasing the body’s overall temperature to fight the foreign microorganisms.

The average body temperature is 37 degree Celsius and if it reaches above 38.9 degree Celsius then the doctor should be contacted and the patient should be checked as soon as possible.

How does it affect the body?

 Hyperthermia which can be noted at 40-degree celsius is cytotoxic for the cells. Therefore, is the temperature increases too much, the cells can be affected at a molecular level and protein denaturation occurs.

The inflammatory response is incompletely understood, but many pro and anti-inflammatory mediators are released.

A mild fever is of benefit in sepsis, but non-pyrogenic hyperthermia causes organ and tissue damage. The body cells have an immune response towards the infection attacking the body. As a result, the temperature rises so that the microorganism perish inside the body.

What are the causes of fever?

The causes of fever are given down as below:

  • fever can be caused by infection from bacteria or virus etc. Fever can also be of two types namely contagious or non contagious.
  • It can be caused by fungal infection or parasite infection. It can also be caused in neoplasm, vascular reasons are acute MI, pulmonary embolism.
  • Fever can also be associated with disorders like flu, stomach flu, heatstroke, strep throat, rheumatoid arthritis.

What are the risk factors?

The risk factors for high for critically ill patients. The patients with acute recent stroke should be checked with fever. Infections are common in every human being. However, children are at a high risk of conducting such infections. Sometimes, cold which can be seasonal can also turn into fever.

Contact with sick person or a person having fever can also cause it. It is actually contagious or it can be non contagious. People with weekend immunity get attacked More by microorganisms. The source can also include contaminated food or drinks.

The common complications or risk factors that can be posed here are fever can turn into pneumonia. In some cases, it may also turn out to be dengue fever, flu, UTI or urinary tract infection or some form of minor sepsis.

What are the symptoms of the fever?

The symptoms that can be noted in a person during fever are given as below.

  • The temperature rises above 100.4-degree Fahrenheit.
  • Other symptoms include shivering, shaking or tremors.
  • Chills, body pain, joint pain
  • headache,
  • increased heart rate,
  • weakness and decreased appetite,
  • coughing, wheezing, confusion in patients

What is the diagnosis?

The temperature of the body can be checked if it is above 100.4 Fahrenheit then it is considered to be the fever.

Your doctor will probably ask you to do the following things if the fever gets out of hand.

  • Ask questions about your symptoms and medical history
  • Perform a physical exam
  • Order tests, such as blood tests or a chest X-ray, as needed, based on your medical history and physical exam

What are prevention and control?

For dengue fever, There is no vaccine to prevent human infection by this virus. Personal protection and the environmental management of mosquitoes are important in preventing illness. Prevent access of mosquitoes to an infected person with a fever. Protect yourself from mosquito bites at all times in dengue areas.

Measures should be taken which involves staying clean, avoiding contaminated food or drinks. There are antipyretic medications available over the counter for the treatment of common fever.

Most fevers are caused by ordinary infection. It is very important to maintain good hygiene. Stay clean and wash your hands. Avoid coming in contact with people who are currently having a fever. It can also be contagious so take measures like wearing a mask, Using a sanitizer.

What are the treatment option for fever?

The treatment option available for fever are given down as below: fever is not necessarily always dangerous. In fact, it is good for the body in a few days. It can cause a boost in the immunity system. The treatment requires staying hydrated and drinking plenty of fluids. More than 102-degree Fahrenheit requires special attention.

Use the thermometer to determine the temperature of the body. The medications which are antipyretics in nature help in reducing the body’s temperature. These are Tylenol , advil, motrin, Ibuprofen and aspirin.

What are the lifestyle tips for fever?

The lifestyle tips recommended for a patient undergoing fever are given as below:

  • it is recommended that the patient take rest. Rest will help the body to recover as soon as possible.
  • It is important to stay hydrated. Fever can cause minor dehydration which causes the lack of fluids in body. Therefore, drink plenty of water.
  • Wash your hands and stay hygienic.
  • For minor fever, it is better to wait it out and let the fever Run its natural course. If you are too much irritated with the rise in temperature, then take proper antipyretics which can help you recover. Stay cool always.

What are the recommended exercise?

In the case of a patient suffering from fever, it is better to rest first and recover. However, after recovering the patient needs to exercise regularly.

What are the interactions with diseases and pregnancy?

First trimester fevers may cause birth defects. Fever during the first trimester of pregnancy may boost the risk of heart defects and facial deformities such as cleft lip or palate. Researchers have known about the risks for decades, but how it happens has been unclear.

Most viruses will not hurt your baby. However, some viruses can cause miscarriage or birth defects in your baby.

it’s always best to play it safe and see your doctor anyway. Fevers during pregnancy are never normal, so an exam is always recommended. Luckily, if the fever was caused by a viral illness, hydration and Tylenol are usually enough for recovery.

Fever in patients with the autoimmune disorder or recent history of stroke or Heart Attack can turn serious. It should be checked by a doctor as soon as possible.

What are the common complications of a fever?

Common complications of fever are given down as below: if a high-grade fever or moderate fever are not treated properly, it can turn problematic for the patient. Contact the doctor if you encounter really high temperatures and if the symptoms are persistent and extended.

In serve and rare xaces, extremely reactions can lead to brain damage also. Additional symptoms for fever include sweating, chills, headache, body ache, dehydration, and fatigue. Extreme high fever can cause cytotoxic damage to cells.

FAQs

Q. When to know that a fever is actually dengue?

Look for the following symptoms in the patient :

  1. Severe abdominal pain.
  2. Persistent vomiting.
  3. Bleeding gums.
  4. Vomiting blood.
  5. Rapid breathing.
  6. Fatigue/ restlessness

These symptoms may suggest that there is an occurrence of dengue.

Q. When to take serious Precautions in an infant during a fever?

Any temperature in an infant younger than 8 weeks old that is 100.4 (rectal temp) degrees Fahrenheit or higher needs immediate attention by a healthcare provider, even if your baby appears relatively well.

Q. How can I make my children feel better during a fever?

Arrange hot bath, give the child Milk or hot beverages. Do not ever give your child Aspirin for the treatment of fever. Contact doctors if severe symptoms continue to persist.

Q. Can high fever result in the death of the patient?

Mild or moderate states of fever (up to 105 °F [40.55 °C]) cause weakness or exhaustion but are not in themselves a serious threat to health. More serious fevers, in which body temperatures rise to 108 °F (42.22 °C) or more, can result in convulsions and death.

Q. Does your body eradicate the virus completely during fever?

When your body conducts a fever, the virus is present in it. Therefore the immune system attacks the foreign cells and releases the temperature of the bodies. The temperature is increased causing a fever. This can cause a pyretic effect in the body. However, not all virus are killed during a fever. However, their activity is maintained by the immune system during a fever by the means of high temperature.

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