Gardenal: Uses, Dosage, Composition, Side Effects, Price, Precautions & More

Gardenal Composition – Phenobarbitone 30 MG
Manufactured By – Abbott
Prescription – Prescription Required
Form – Tablet
Price – Rs 38.57
Quantity – 30 tablets

What Is Gardenal?

Gardenal contains phenobarbitone as it’s active ingredient which is an anti epilepsy (anti-convuslion) drug.

Manufactured By – Abbott


Uses Of Gardenal

  • Gardenal is mainly used to treat Epilepsy (Seizures).
  • Gardenal is occasionally used to treat trouble sleeping, anxiety, and drug withdrawal.

How Does Gardenal Work?

  • Gardenal acts on GABA receptors where it increases flux of chloride ions into the neuron due to which excitability of neuron decreases which suppresses the electrical activity of brain.

How to Take Gardenal?

  • Gardenal may be used intravenously, injected into a muscle, or taken by mouth.
  • The oral dose can be taken with or without food, once daily at bedtime.
  • The i.v. or i.m. injection must be administered by a healthcare professional only.

Common Dosage Of Gardenal

  • The dosage of Gardenal varies based on several factors like medical condition , response to treatment and weight of the patient in case of children.
  • Take the dosage as prescribed by your doctor.
  • Do not stop the drug abruptly without consulting your doctor as it might worsen the condition.
  • If used regularly for a long time, Gardenal may produce withdrawal symptoms thus it is always advised to taper and reduce the dose before completely stopping the medicine.

When to Avoid Gardenal& Precautions To Take?

  • Gardenal is contraindicated in case of acute intermittent porphyria, hypersensitivity to any barbiturate, prior dependence on barbiturates, previous history of substance abuse, patients with mood disorders (depression), severe respiratory insufficiency and hyperkinesia in children.

Side Effects Of Gardenal

Common side effects of Gardenal include-

  • Dizziness
  • Drowsiness
  • Sedation
  • Hypotension
  • Excitation
  • Headache
  • Tiredness
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Hepatitis (rarely)
  • Folate deficiency and hypocalcaemia (on prolonged use)

Effect on Organs?

  • Gardenal may impair renal and hepatic functions.
  • Gardenal may lower folic acid and vitamin K levelsin the blood thereby increasing the risk of spinal cord defects.

Reported Allergic Reactions?

  • Allergic reactions to the drug have been reported. Symptoms include:
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Severe skin rashes,
  • Tightness of chest and
  • Swelling of face and tongue
  • Seek immediate medical attention in such cases.

Drug Interactions to be careful about?

Gardenal interacts with the following drugs-

  • Darunavir
  • Etravirine
  • Orlistat
  • Rilpivirine
  • Phenytoin
  • Metronidazole
  • Corticosteroid
  • Rifampicin
  • Folic acid

Shows Effects/Results In

  • Onset of action can be seen within five minutes of intravenous dose and half an hour when administered orally.
  • Duration of effect may last between four hours to two days depending upon the dose.

Storage Requirements for Gardenal

  • Store at room temperature, away from heat and direct sunlight.
  • Keep away from reach of children and pets.

Pro Tips When Taking Gardenal

  • Gardenal is likely to cause dizziness, avoid operating machinery or driving.
  • Gardenal causes withdrawal symptoms, do not stop taking the drug abruptly.
  • In cases of anxiety, do not use Gardenal for a long period as it may increase the dependence on the drug.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is Gardenal addictive?

Yes addictive tendencies have been observed especially in patients with history of substance abuse.


Can I have Gardenal with alcohol?

No as it might increase the risk of adverse effects like dizziness, drowsiness, sedation etc.


Any particular food item to be avoided?

No


Can I have Gardenal when pregnant?

Use of gardenal is not recommended during pregnancy as it might cause fetal damage.


Can I have Gardenal when feeding a baby?

Avoid unless absolutely necessary.


Can I drive after taking Gardenal?

No


What happens if I overdose on Gardenal?

Overdosing with Gardenal causes serious adverse effects. Seek medical attention upon overdosing of medicine.


What happens if I eat expired Gardenal?

The medicine may not work as well. Please inform your physician regarding the same.


What happens if I miss a dose of Gardenal?

  • The medicine may not work well if you miss a dose because for effective working of the drug, a certain amount of drug must be present in your body at all times.
  • Always consume the missed dose as soon as you remember. But, if it is already time for the next dose – do not double the dose.
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