Haemorrhoids: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment

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Haemorrhoids: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment

What are Haemorrhoids?

Haemorrhoids are also known as piles. It is swollen and inflamed veins in the rectum for the anal region. It can cause discomfort and bleeding also. The bleeding is generally painless. There are two types of haemorrhoids present. These are internal hemorrhoids or external hemorrhoids.

What are the effects of Haemorrhoids on the body?

The effects of Haemorrhoids on the body are discussed down as below. The problems arise during defecation or passing faeces.

Patient scan report about a plain and dull pain during defecation. There is an occurrence of altered bowel movements. Sometimes patient report of itching and swelling.

What are the causes of Hemorrhoids?

 The causes of haemorrhoids are given down as below. Irregular bowel movements may result in the formation of haemorrhoids. During the passing of stool, pressure can also cause them.

In the case of pregnant ladies, there is increased pressure on the veins during pregnancy. This can also cause haemorrhoids.

What are the risk factors?

These are the risk factors for hemorrhoids. Increase in age can increase the risk of getting haemorrhoids. Increase in the risk occurs during pregnancy.

The waste materials after digesting last night’s meal can affect the composition of your fecal discharge. It can be a contributing risk factor for hemorrhoids.

What are the symptoms of hemorrhoids?

The symptoms of hemorrhoids are given down as below. Painless bleeding occurs with stool. Irritation in the anal region can be noted along with swelling. The occurrence of sensitive and painful lumps near anal region.

What are the diagnosis methods?

The diagnosis methods available for hemorrhoid detection are given down as below. Digital examination and visual examination can be done. Colonoscopy may be recommended by the doctor if required.

What are the methods of prevention and control?

These are the methods for prevention and control of haemorrhoids.

  • Eat high fibre foods like fruits, vegetables and whole grains.
  • Stay hydrated as much as you can.
  • Considered taking fibre supplements along with your diet.
  • Do not strain Your anal region.
  • Simply empty your stomach properly without pressure.
  • Avoid smoking too much.
  • Avoid sitting in same position for long.

What are the treatment options available?

These are the treatment options available for hemorrhoids. The allopathic medicines include over-the-counter suppositories or basis for your anal region. The procedure which can help in treating hemorrhoids include external hemorrhoid thrombectomy, other minimally invasive procedures are rubber band ligation, injection, and coagulation technique. Surgery may be done if required. Surgery can be done for removal or stapling.

What are the methods for prevention and tips for Lifestyle?

These are the lifestyle methods available for hemorrhoids. Stay hydrated and exercise regularly. Maintain a proper workout routine. Increase the fiber in your diet or have supplements. Avoid creating pressure.

What are the recommended exercises?

 Pelvic floor exercises are recommended by the physical trainer. Relaxing anal sphincter can be done. Empty bowel without straining. Manage your body weight if obese. avoid heavy weight lifting or physical activities requiring too much physical strength.

What are the interactions with diseases?

The following are the interactions of hemorrhoids with other diseases. It can contradict with the following disorders like colorectal cancer, anal fissures and anal polyps and ulceration.

What are the interactions with pregnancy?

 These are the interactions of hemorrhoids with pregnancy. During the third trimester, hemorrhoids may occur in pregnant ladies. Use baking soda for mild treatment and relieving. Use medicated sitting pads for sitting purpose.

What are the interactions and common complications of hemorrhoids?

 These are the common complications of hemorrhoids. Loss of blood can occur and therefore, there is a chance of anaemia. Strangulated hemorrhoids may occur along with hernia.

FAQS

Q. What shrinks hemorrhoids fast?

Apply an over-the-counter hemorrhoid cream or suppository containing hydrocortisone, or use pads containing witch hazel or a numbing agent. Soak regularly in a warm bath or sitz bath. Soak your anal area in plain warm water 10 to 15 minutes two to three times a day. A sitz bath fits over the toilet.

Q. How long do hemorrhoid symptoms last?

If your hemorrhoids are small, your symptoms may clear up in a few days without treatment. You may also need to make a simple diet and lifestyle changes. Some internal hemorrhoids become so enlarged that they stick out of the anus.

Q. Do hemorrhoids go away?

Small hemorrhoids may clear up without any treatment within a few days. Large, external hemorrhoids may take longer to heal and can cause significant pain and discomfort. If hemorrhoids have not resolved within a few days, it is best to see a doctor for treatment.

Q. How do you get rid of a prolapsed hemorrhoid?

How to manage a prolapsed hemorrhoid

  • Try over-the-counter hemorrhoid products, such as topical ointments or suppositories that contain hydrocortisone.
  • Eat more high-fiber foods, such as fruits, vegetables and whole grains, that can soften stool and ease straining during bowel movements.

Q. What should I eat with hemorrhoids?

Great food sources of fiber include:

  • Legumes, such as split peas, lentils, black beans, lima beans, and baked beans.
  • Whole grains, such as barley, bran flakes, oatmeal, and brown rice.
  • Vegetables, such as artichoke, green peas, broccoli, and Brussels sprouts.
  • Fruits, such as raspberries, pears, apples, and bananas.

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