What is Haloperidol?
- Haloperidol is an antipsychotic medication used in the treatment of Schizophrenia and other mood disorders.
- This medicine helps in thinking clearly, feel less nervous and also help prevent suicide in people who are likely to harm themselves.
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Uses of Haloperidol
Haloperidol is prescribed for:
- Tourette Syndrome
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How does Haloperidol work?
Haloperidol works by binding to the receptors and by inhibiting the effects of dopamine and increases its turnover.
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How to take Haloperidol?
- Haloperidol is administered orally in the form of tablet.
- It is also administered via injection into a muscle, or intravenously.
Common dosage of Haloperidol
- Recommended adult dose for psychosis is 0.5 to 2 mg orally 2 to 3 times a day.
- Adult dose for schizophrenia is 0.5 to 2 mg orally 2 to 3 times a day and in severe cases 3 to 5 mg orally 2 to 3 times a day.
- Adult dose for Tourette’s syndrome is 0.5 to 2 mg orally 2 to 3 times a day and in severe cases 3 to 5 mg orally 2 to 3 times a day.
- Pediatric dose for psychosis is 0.5 mg per day orally in 2 to 3 divided doses,
- For children 13 years and older, dose is 0.5 to 2 mg orally 2 to 3 times a day.
- Pediatric dose for Tourette’s syndrome is 0.5 mg/day orally in 2 to 3 divided doses
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When to avoid Haloperidol & Precautions to take?
- Avoid using Haloperidol if you are allergic to it or any other inactive ingredients present along with it.
- Haloperidol is not recommended in patients with depression, coma, and uncontrolled seizures disorder.
- It is also not recommended in the patients with dementia-related psychosis as it increases the risk of heart diseases like heart failure and infectious diseases like pneumonia.
- Haloperidol should be discontinued if the patient develops neuroleptic malignant syndrome.
- This medicine may cause involuntary movements of tongue, lips, and face.
- Caution is required in the elderly population due to the increased risk of orthostatic hypotension and kidney injury.
- Consumption of alcohol is not recommended and performing activities that require mental alertness is prohibited.
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Side Effects of Haloperidol
- Difficulty in swallowing
- Loss of balance control
- Muscle spasm
- Twisting of body parts
- Shaking of hands or feet
- Skin rash
- Convulsions (seizures)
- Fast heartbeat
- Blurred vision
- Weight gain
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Effect on organs?
- Hematologic reactions- Transient leukopenia and leukocytosis, minimal decreases in red blood cell counts, anemia, or a tendency toward monocytosis.
- Liver reactions- Impaired liver function or jaundice.
- Dermatological reactions- Maculopapular, acne-like skin reactions and isolated cases of photosensitivity and loss of hair.
- Endocrine reactions- Lactation, breast engorgement, menstrual irregularities, gynecomastia, impotence, increased libido, hyperglycemia, hypoglycemia and hyponatremia.
- Gastrointestinal reactions- Anorexia, constipation, diarrhea, hyper salivation, dyspepsia, nausea and vomiting.
- Autonomic reactions- Blurred vision, urinary retention, diaphoresis, dry mouth and priapism.
- Respiratory reactions- Laryngospasm, bronchospasm and increased depth of respiration.
Reported allergic reactions?
Allergic reactions may include:
- Trouble breathing
- Swelling of face, lips, throat or hands
Drug interactions to be careful about?
Concomitant use of following drugs is not recommended while receiving Haloperidol:
The effect of this medicine can be observed in 30 to 60 minutes and lasts for an average duration of 2 to 4 weeks.
Storage Requirements for Haloperidol
- Keep it in an air-tight container.
- Keep it away from direct light or moisture.
- Keep it out of reach of children.
Pro Tips when taking Haloperidol
- Haloperidol belongs to an antipsychotic class of drugs.
- This medicine is usually given 2 or 3 times daily.
- Do not stop taking Haloperidol suddenly without consulting your doctor.
- Drink plenty amount of fluids to stay hydrated.
FAQs – Things to Know About Haloperidol
Is Haloperidol addictive?
Can I have Haloperidol with alcohol?
Any particular food item to be avoided?
Avoid grapefruit juice.
Can I have Haloperidol when pregnant?
Can I have Haloperidol when feeding a baby?
Can I drive after taking Haloperidol?
What happens if I overdose on Haloperidol?
Overdose of haloperidol can be fatal.
What happens if I eat expired Haloperidol?
Expired haloperidol may become ineffective in treating your prescribed conditions, thus to be on the safe side, it is important not to use expired drug.
What happens if I miss a dose of Haloperidol?
If you miss a dose of Haloperidol, skip it and continue with your normal schedule. Do not double dose for a missed one.