Heartburn: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment

What is Heartburn?

Heartburn is a common problem which is prevalent among most of the population. It is actually an Acid Reflux reaction. The stomach contains can travel up to the oesophagus and cause a burning sensation in the throat and back of the mouth. It can also be linked with acidity and gastro esophageal Reflux disease or GERD.

If the heartburn occurs more than two times per week then it can turn into gastroesophageal Reflux disease.

How does it affect the body?

Heartburn can affect the body in the following ways.

  • It can cause irritation and acidity.
  • It can also cause a feeling of distaste in the mouth.
  • Patients frequently report of a burning sensation in the throat and the back of the mouth.

What are the causes of heartburn?

The causes of heartburn unlisted down as below.

  • In proper diet can cause indigestion. indigestion, in turn, is capable of producing acidity and heartburn.
  • Other contributing factors are obesity and Lifestyle factors.
  • Sometimes, Insomnia and lack of sleep also results in heartburn.
  • The doctor will advise you to stop smoking for a while. No exercise can also lead to acidity.

What are the risk factors?

The risk factors of heartburn are listed down as below.

  • Stressful Lifestyle can also cause gerd.
  • Drinking beverages like alcohol, carbonated drinks, coffee and tea can also result in heartburn.
  • Smoking is a contributing risk factor.
  • Pregnancy may also be another factor.
  • Other medications like Aspirin, Ibuprofen, blood pressure medications and muscle relaxants can sometimes cause heartburn.

What are the symptoms of heartburn?

The symptoms of heartburn are listed down as below :

  • burning sensation in the chest is felt.
  • There is an occurrence of rising pain in the throat. Indigestion can occur.
  • Acid taste at the back of the mouth is reported by many people.

These are common symptoms frequently reported by many people in the occurrence of heartburn. Heartburn is actually a common problem which has many treatments available.

What are the diagnosis methods available?

The diagnosis methods available for heartburn are listed as below.

  • Upper gastrointestinal tract endoscopy can be performed where a camera is inserted in the gi tract with the help of a flexible device.
  • The biopsy can also be done via the collection of a tissue sample is required.
  • Ambulatory acid probe test is required.

What are the methods for prevention and control?

These are the methods available for the prevention and control of heartburn.

  • A healthy diet is required.
  • Change in Lifestyle is recommended.
  • Stress reduction is required. The patient needs a proper amount of sleep.
  • Limit the fat intake in your diet.
  • Follow the right posture and sitting positions.
  • Avoid triggers and stress.
  • Think about weight reduction and exercise regularly.

What are the treatment options available?

 These are the treatment options available for heartburn.

  • Allopathic remedies include the intake of antacids via the oral route.
  • Proton pump inhibitors for PPI should be used.
  • H-2blockers may also be used.

Other Homoeopathic treatments include using ginger, garlic, and turmeric in diet. Cumin seeds can aid digestion.

What are the lifestyle tips recommended?

These are the lifestyle tips recommended for the person suffering from heartburn.

  • Avoid sleeping immediately after a meal.
  • Avoid overeating to avoid indigestion.
  • Proper rest is recommended up to 8 hours of sleep during the night.
  • A healthy lifestyle is required so that this doesn’t occur often.

What are the recommended exercise?

These are the recommended exercise.

  • Weight loss is required if obesity is present.
  • Follow Acid Reflux friendly food diet.
  • Walking and jogging may be recommended by your doctor.

What are the interactions with pregnancy and diseases?

These are the interactions with pregnancy or diseases with heartburn.

  • In pregnancy, ladies can experience a common case of heartburn. Eat small meals throughout the day to avoid heartburn. Avoid eating spicy meals.
  • Incase ulcerations are present in the stomach, it can cause Gastro oesophagus reflex disorder.

What are the common complications of heartburn?

The common complications of heartburn are given down as below.

  • It can cause esophagitis or barrett’s oesophagus.
  • It can cause cancer in oesophagus in extreme cases.
  • They may be problem in swallowing.
  • There is weak digestive ability of the patient.
  • Ulcer formation can take place in the intestine or the colon lining.


Q. Can heartburn be caused by stress?

In surveys, the majority of people who experience acid reflux identify stress as a common trigger. The problem is that studies have failed to find a connection between the stress and the amount of stomach acid in the esophagus, which is the ultimate cause of heartburn pain.

Q. How long until heartburn goes away?

The uncomfortable symptoms of heartburn can last for two hours or longer, depending on the cause. Mild heartburn that occurs after eating spicy or acidic food typically lasts until the food has been digested. Heartburn symptoms may also return several hours after they first appeared if you bend over or lie down.

Q. Is heartburn a sign of a heart attack?

Heartburn itself can accompany other symptoms of a heart attack. Typical heart attack signs and symptoms include: Pressure, tightness, pain, or a squeezing or aching sensation in your chest or arms that may spread to your neck, jaw or back. Nausea, indigestion, heartburn or abdominal pain.

Q. Can heartburn kill you?

Although occasional acid reflux won’t kill you, it should still be taken seriously. If left untreated, chronic acid reflux can lead to conditions that increase your risk for developing esophageal cancer, which can, in fact, kill you.

Q. What can I drink to relieve heartburn?

Try caffeine-free herbal tea for acid reflux but avoid spearmint or peppermint teas. Mint triggers acid reflux for many. Chamomile, licorice, slippery elm, and marshmallow may make better herbal remedies to soothe GERD symptoms.

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