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The global incidence of dengue has grown dramatically over the years. Many dengue cases are reported in many non-indigenous countries. The infection causes flu-like illness and sometimes develops into a lethal complication. But don’t worry as it can be prevented by following some safety measures.
More About Dengue
Dengue is spread due to the bite of the female mosquitoes Aedes aegypti and Aedes Albopictus that are found in tropical and sub-tropical countries. These mosquitoes reside inside and outside your home and can bite you any time of the day.
Symptoms of Dengue
Dengue can be suspected when a high fever of 40°C or 104°F occurs with the following symptoms:
- Sudden onset of high fever
- An intense headache
- Body aches and Joint pains
- Loss of appetite, nausea, and vomiting
- Skin Rashes
- Retro-Orbital pain (Pain behind the orbit of an eye)
Take Following Steps to Protect Your Family from Dengue
Dengue prevention completely depends on effective vector control measures. The most effective way to avoid dengue is to prevent mosquito bites. Following are the ways in which you can protect yourself and your family from dengue.
Avoid Mosquito Bites
You can protect yourself from mosquito bites by wearing clothes like long sleeved clothes and trousers to reduce exposed skin. You can prevent mosquito bites by wearing light-coloured clothes as mosquitoes are attracted to dark colours.
Control the Mosquito Population Inside and Outside Your Home
- Drain or dump the standing water found in containers like buckets, pet dishes, flower pots, tires and cans
- Put some dish soap or shampoo into standing water in order to kill mosquito larvae
Cover Water Storage Containers
Another way you can prevent dengue is by covering the top of the water storage container tightly so mosquitoes cannot get inside and lay eggs.
Use Mosquito Nets While Sleeping
Using bed nets helps in preventing mosquito bites by forming a protective barrier around people sleeping under them. The insecticides that are used for treating bed nets kill mosquitoes and helps you sleep well without any fear of mosquito bites.
Apply Mosquito Repellent
On of the most effective ways in which you can prevent dengue is by using mosquito repellents on exposed skin. Some of the most effective mosquito repellents are DEET, Picaridin, and Oil of Lemon Eucalyptus.
What You Can Do If You are Sick with Dengue
If a mosquito bites you, the dengue virus can be seen in your blood. Moreover, the virus can be transmitted to other people in your family through the infected mosquito. Follow these steps to recover from dengue fever:
- Take paracetamol tablet to control fever and relieve pain
- Drink as many fluids like Coconut water, lemon juice, and herbal tea recover fast from dengue
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