Insulin: Uses, Dosage, Price, Side Effects, Precautions & More

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Insulin Composition – Insulin Isophane / NPH (40IU)
Manufactured By – Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd
Prescription – Prescription Required
Form – Injection
Price – Rs 143.42
Quantity – 10 ml in 1 vial

What is Insulin?

Insulin is used to regulate or control or maintain blood sugar level in the body. The regulation prevents both Hypoglycaemia and Hyperglycaemia. It also helps muscle cells, liver cells and other cells to absorb glucose from the blood to be used for energy.

Other variants and composition – 

VariantComposition
Insulin Syringe 1Ml 40Iu 29GSurgicals
Insulin Syringe 1Ml 100Iu 31GSurgicals
Insulin Cool PouchSurgicals
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Uses of Insulin

  • Insulin is used to treat diabetes condition which is of Type I and Type II
  • It helps the sugar to get into the cells which is used for energy.
  • It is also used to treat high potassium level in blood.
  • Insulin was used in psychiatric treatment as shock therapy.
Also read: Hydroxyzine Uses | Imodium Uses

How Does Insulin Work?

It works on behalf of Insulin which is normally produced in the body. It helps to remove the sugar from the blood into body tissues which would be used for energy. Insulin also helps to prevent the lungs from producing more insulin.


How to Take Insulin?

  • Insulin should not be taken by mouth now as it would break down before showing its effectiveness.
  • Insulin can be taken in the form of syringes, insulin pens, pumps and injectors.
  • The Insulin should be injected through the thighs, abdominal, and arms with the prescribed dosage.

Insulin Price in India

SpecificsInsulin Price
10 ml of Injection formRs 10.00
Other medicine's Price: Meloxicam Price | Metformin Price | Mirtazapine Price

Common Dosage for Insulin

  • TYPE 1 DIABETES – Total daily dose will be from 0.5 to 1 unit/kg/day. Type 1 diabetes people are given multiple Insulin dosages.
  • TYPE 2 DIABETES – Initial dose is about from 0.2 to 0.4 unit/kg/day.

Precautions – When to Avoid Insulin?

While taking the Insulin you should follow the following steps:

  • Don’t delay or miss a scheduled meal
  • Exercise regularly
  • Don’t take too much Insulin
  • Avoid consuming alcohol

Side Effects of Insulin

Some of the reported side effects of a high dosage of Insulin are:

  • Hypoglycaemia
  • Headache
  • Hunger
  • Weakness
  • Troubled concentration
  • Rapid breathing
  • Fast heartbeat
  • Fainting
  • seizures
Also Read: Lisinopril Precautions | Lomotil Precautions | Loratadine Precautions

Effects of Insulin on Organs

High dosage of Insulin may damage the kidney or nerves, which leads to amputations.


Drug Interactions to be Careful About

Drug interaction varies according to how the drug works. Gymnema, Gatifloxacin, Epinephrin can cause harmful effects while interacting with Insulin. It is always better to consult your doctor before taking any medications while you are taking Insulin.


Effects/Results after Consuming Insulin

Rapid Insulin will show its effect within 20 minutes and will last up to 6 hours. The regular one will show its effect within 30 minutes and extend to up to 4 hours.


Storage Requirements about Insulin

Once opened, Insulin can be stored in room temperature for about six weeks. There is no need to store it in a refrigerator.


Pro Tips When Taking Insulin

  • Insulin is safe to inject in the abdominal area, inner thighs and outer thighs.
  • It is also safe to inject in arms, lower back or hip.
  • Eat a healthy diet with eggs, fish and whole grains while taking Insulin.

FAQs – Things to Know About Insulin

Is Insulin addictive?

No.

Can I have Insulin with alcohol?

No. Having Insulin with alcohol will lower the blood sugar level.

Any particular food item to be avoided?

Sugar-sweetened beverages, Honey, Flavoured coffee drinks, Dried fruits, etc.

Can I have Insulin when pregnant?

No, Insulin is not recommended during pregnancy. Although you can take advise from your doctor.

Can I have Insulin when feeding a baby?

Taking Insulin while breastfeeding can increase the obesity in infants.

Can I drive after taking Insulin?

You should check your blood glucose level before driving. It is shouldn’t be above 5mmol/l.

What happens if I overdose on Insulin?

It would cause hyperglycaemia because of much glucose absorption and that may lead to death.

What happens if I eat expired Insulin?

It will not be effective in regulating the blood sugar level which can be a life-threatening situation.

What happens if I miss a dose of Insulin?

If you miss a dose of Insulin either blood level will be too low or high. Either way, it is very dangerous and you should immediately ask your doctor for specific instructions.

When Was Insulin Made?

Insulin was made in the year 1978.


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