Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) once again proved that it is one of the elite members of the space exploration club by setting a record for the most number of satellite launches in one go.
The Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle of the space agency took off at 9:28 am today with 104 satellites ready for deployment. Among them are three satellites from India which include the high-resolution Cartosat-2 series satellite and two nanosatellites – INS-1A and INS-1B.
ISRO has used the XL variant of rockets for the mission. This is the same rocket that was used in the path-breaking Chandrayaan and MOM (Mars Orbiter Mission) missions.
10 Facts About the Launch
1. This is the 39th mission of the Polar Satellite Launch vehicle PSLV-C37. The trusted workhorse carries the highest number of satellites (104 satellites) ever launched in a single mission.
2. Among the 104 satellites, three are from India, 96 are from the USA and one each from Israel, UAE, Netherlands, Kazakhstan and Switzerland.
3. With this launch, ISRO beats the previous best record of a Russian rocket which launched 37 satellites into space.
4. The PSLV-XL variant rocket used for launching the satellites is 44.4 meters tall and weighs about 320 ton.
5. The first among the satellites to be set in space was the 714 kg CARTOSAT-2 Series Satellite for Earth observation. This satellite observes the movement in India’s border with Pakistan and China.
6. All satellites combined weight about 1378 kg during lift off from the ground. They are set into the Sun Synchronous Orbit about 520 km from Earth.
7. A constellation of 88 small satellites weighing 5 kg each of the US Earth observatory firm Planet will be separated from the rocket in different directions to avoid collisions in space.
8. All satellites will be injected into the Sun Synchronous Orbit at different slots at different angles and at different times.
9. Two Indian Nano-satellites INS-1A and INS-1B are deployed to act as co-passenger satellites and accompany bigger satellites on PSLV.
10. INS-1A carries Surface Bidirectional Reflectance Distribution Function Radiometer and INS-1B carries Earth Exosphere Lyman Alpha Analyser as individual payloads.
Congratulations ISRO for the new World Record!