Mannitol: Uses, Dosage, Side Effects, Precautions, Price & More

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Mannitol: Uses, Dosage, Side Effects, Precautions, Price & More

Mannitol Composition – Mannitol (20% w/v)
Manufactured By – Albert David Ltd
Prescription – Prescription Required
Form – Tablet
Price – Rs 93.57
Quantity – 350 ml in 1 bottle

What is Mannitol?

Mannitol is a naturally occurring sugar alcohol which is also used as a medicine. Mannitol is used as a food sweetener for diabetic patients.

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Mannitol Uses

Mannitol is used for the treatment of

  • increased intracranial pressure and brain mass
  • increased pressure in eyes
  • low urine output due to kidney failure
  • Mannitol is also used
  • to aid in excretion of toxic materials through urine
  • as a laxative in children

How does Mannitol work?

  • Mannitol is used in medical practice primarily because of its osmotic properties.
  • Mannitol also causes the release of dilation of blood vessels in kidneys and leads to an increase in urine flow that is believed to protect against renal (kidney) injury.

Mannitol Price in India

SpecificsMannitol Price
350 ml InfusionRs 93.57

How to Take Mannitol?

Mannitol is given by injection under the supervision of a trained healthcare professional.


Common Dosage for Mannitol?

The drug dosage and form is decided by the physician based upon:

  • age and body weight of the patient
  • the severity of the condition of the patient
  • fluid requirement
  • disease severity
  • urine output
  • history of allergy/drug reactions
Also Read: Lanol-ER Dosage | Levosulpiride Dosage | Librax Dosage

When to Avoid Mannitol?

Mannitol should be avoided in case of:

  • Allergy to Mannitol
  • Non-passage of urine
  • Severe dehydration
  • Heart failure
  • Brain haemorrhage

Side-effects of Mannitol?

The possible side effects of Mannitol are:

  • congestion in the lungs,
  • fluid and electrolytes imbalance,
  • electrolyte loss,
  • dryness in mouth
  • excessive thirst,
  • increased urine output,
  • retention of urine
  • swelling in legs
  • a headache, convulsions
  • blurred vision
  • nausea, vomiting
  • a runny nose
  • ulcers on skin
  • thrombophlebitis
  • chills,
  • weakness, drowsiness, dizziness,
  • itching on skin
  • lowered blood pressure
  • increased heart beats
  • fever
  • chest pain
Also Read: Lyserd Side Effect | Mebex Side Effect

Are There Any Reported Allergic Reactions?

Very rarely, itchy skin, rashes can occur as an allergic manifestation to Mannitol.


What Are The Effects of Mannitol on Organs?

Dose adjustment is needed in patients suffering from kidney diseases.


Drug Interactions to Be Careful About

All the possible drug interactions might not be listed here. You must also inform about the herbal products that you are consuming. You must not modify the drug regimen without your doctor’s approval.

You must always inform the physician of all the drugs/products you use especially –

  • Diuretics
  • Lithium
  • Ciclosporin and aminoglycoside
  • Digoxin,
  • Agents that may cause QT prolongation,
  • Neuromuscular blocking agents
  • Tubocurarine and depolarising neuromuscular blocking drugs
  • Oral anticoagulants
  • Mannitol should not be administered alongside blood because it may cause agglutination and destruction of blood cells

Shows Effects / Results In

The time taken for Mannitol to show its effect depends upon its intended use.


FAQs

Is Mannitol Addictive?

No, Mannitol is not addictive.

Can I have Mannitol with alcohol?

Consumption of alcohol when consuming Mannitol is in not advisable.

Any particular food item to be avoided?

No.

Can I have Mannitol When Pregnant?

Always inform your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. Mannitol can be administered if absolutely necessary after medical advice.

Can I have Mannitol when feeding a baby?

Always inform your doctor if you are breastfeeding your child. The medicine should only be administered if absolutely necessary after medical advice.

Can I drive after taking Mannitol?

Mannitol can cause a state of drowsiness and tiredness. Therefore, driving should be done under discretion.

What happens if I overdose on Mannitol?

An overdose of Mannitol can cause acute renal failure, electrolytes imbalance, CNS toxicity.

What happens if I eat expired Mannitol?

Refrain from using an expired drug.


Storage Requirements for Mannitol

  • Protect from humidity, light, and temperatures above 40C.
  • Do not refrigerate or freeze.
Also read about other medicine's: Maxtra Syrup | Livogen

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