Multiple Sclerosis: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment

What is Multiple Sclerosis?

Multiple sclerosis is a disorder where the body’s immune system can eat away the protective covering present on a lower part of the nerve cell.

The Axial sheath or the myelin sheath of the neuron is generally attacked. Multiple sclerosis can also affect the central nervous system and optic neurons in the eye.

How does it affect the body?

These are the ways how multiple sclerosis can affect the body. Multiple sclerosis can cause weakness, a General sense of fatigue. It can cause nerve impulses to be disrupted due to damaged nerve covering. It can also cause pain in the back of the eyes. Multiple sclerosis is capable of producing tremors, cramping.

Multiple sclerosis can cause problems like anxiety and difficulty in speech.

What are the causes of multiple sclerosis?

These are the causes of multiple sclerosis.

  • Autoimmune disorders where the immune system attacks myelin sheath of neurons.
  • The exact cause of multiple sclerosis is still unknown to the scientist. Increased risk of multiple sclerosis can be caused by smoking, infection and a decreased amount of vitamin D in the body.

What are the risk factors of multiple sclerosis?

These are the risk factors available for multiple sclerosis. Genetics can play an important role in the occurrence of multiple sclerosis in a patient. Certain infections like the human epstein-barr virus can also cause MS. Smoking, obesity and other environmental factors like pollution are contributed as risk factors of multiple sclerosis. Certain autoimmune diseases also cause a risk.

What are the symptoms of multiple sclerosis?

These are the symptoms available for multiple sclerosis. There is trouble in walking and running. Fatigue can occur along with vision impairment. Muscle spasms are present along with a decreased libido. Poor bladder control can be noted. There is pain and depression in the patient. The patient seems to be suffering from memory impairment.

What are the diagnosis methods available?

These are the diagnosis methods the doctor will provide for the detection of multiple sclerosis. The blood test is done where the sample of the blood is taken and tested in a laboratory. The test of vision and balance is also required. Magnetic resonance imaging or MRI can be done. CSF levels are checked.

Other tests for diagnosis include Evoked potential test where there is a measurement of electrical impulses in the brain.

What are the methods for prevention and control?

These are the methods available for the prevention and control of multiple sclerosis. Avoid smoking in general. The increasing amount of vitamin D levels in your blood. There is no definitive for prevention that has been discovered yet for multiple sclerosis. The symptoms are tried to be decreased.

Sometimes drinking wine which contains resveratol can help in easing the symptoms of multiple sclerosis.

What are the treatment options available?

 The treatment options available for the management of multiple sclerosis are discussed down as below. There are allopathic medications available. Medicines include beta interferon, copolymer 1, dalfampridine, dimethyl fumarate, mitoxantrone, natalizumab.

What are the lifestyle tips recommended for people with multiple sclerosis?

The lifestyle tips recommended for MS are given down as below. Good rest is required along with regular exercise. Relax and do stress reduction. Stay hydrated.  healthy diet with lots of greenery is recommended. Generally, the treatment for multiple sclerosis may be lifelong. Therefore, the supportive care system is required.

What are the exercises recommended?

The exercise recommended for MS are given down as below. Physical activities are recommended like gardening, cooking, household chores, swimming and walking and jogging.

What are the interactions with diseases and pregnancy?

The interactions of multiple sclerosis with other diseases and pregnancy are given down as below. In the case of pregnancy, if multiple sclerosis is under control, the doctor will advise for conception.

It can produce a tricky situation. Some multiple sclerosis drugs like copaxone, aubagio are not safe during pregnancy. Therefore, consult with doctor before using them.

What are the common complications of multiple sclerosis?

The common complications of multiple sclerosis are given down as below. It can cause muscle disorders like paralysis. It can cause low libido. Bowel and bladder problems can occur. Epilepsy, osteoporosis and pressure sores can occur along with lung inflammation.


Q. Can MS symptoms come and go daily?

In the most common type (known as relapsing remitting MS), symptoms come and go. These can run the gamut from mild tingling to more severe vision loss. However, MS is tricky.

Q. What are the final stages of multiple sclerosis?

  • End-stage multiple sclerosis
  • pain affecting the muscles, nerves, and joints.
  • spasms, stiffness, and muscle cramps.
  • tremors.
  • sensory changes.
  • bowel or bladder incontinence, urinary tract infections, or constipation.
  • upper and lower body mobility limitations and weakness.
  • difficulty chewing or swallowing.
  • speech difficulties.

Q. Can you die from multiple sclerosis?

On average, most people with MS live about seven years less than the general population. Those with MS tend to die from many of the same conditions, such as cancer and heart disease, as people who don’t have the condition. Apart from cases of severe MS, which are rare, the prognosis for longevity is generally good.

Q. Can MS go away on its own?

For Americans living with multiple sclerosis (MS), the majority are initially diagnosed with relapsing-remitting MS, or when the symptoms ebb and flow. While a relapse that causes serious symptoms usually needs to be treated, old symptoms that reappear are not as serious and often go away without needing treatment.

Q. What happens with untreated MS?

Frequency: If left untreated, 50% of people with relapsing-remitting MS develop this form of the disease within about 10 years of initial diagnosis.


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