Osteoporosis: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment

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Osteoporosis: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment

What is Osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis is a disorder which can cause the occurrence of porous bones. The bones of the patients are weakened. There is an occurrence of brittle bones. It is actually very common and prevalent among women. There are more than 10 million cases of osteoporosis only in India. There is no definitive cure for osteoporosis. However, there is treatment available for osteoporosis. It can occur due to vitamin D deficiency and Calcium deficiency.

Bone is a living tissue and osteoporosis can develop pores. Osteoporosis is generally noted in old women. Bones have an increased risk of breaking. the bones lose their structure and texture and density.

How does it affect the body?

Osteoporosis can affect the body in a number of ways. These are:

  • the skeletal frames of the patient become weak. The sitting positions are compromised. There is an occurrence of painful joints and inflammation. The bone mass density ratio changes. There is an increased risk of fracture
  • the risk of osteoporosis increases with age. It is actually a silent disease which can slip up on the patient.
  • It causes a General feeling of discomfort, weakness, and fatigue. It can cause a loss in productivity also.

What are the causes of osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis is generally seen in women after Menopause. It can be caused due to the following risk factors. The decrease in levels of oestrogen has been connected with osteoporosis. There is an increased risk of fractures. It is mainly due to the lack of vitamin D deficiency in women’s body. It can also occur due to lack of calcium and magnesium.

What are the risk factors?

The risk factors of osteoporosis increase with age. It starts after mid-thirties and continuous thereafter. The risk factor can be seen in women having a deficit in sex hormones in the body. Asian and white people are more susceptible to conduct osteoporosis than other ethnicity groups. Tall people having a height of more than 5 feet 7 inches can conduct the risk of osteoporosis. Genetic factors play an important role here. There is an increased risk of osteoporosis if there is a family member suffering from osteoporosis already.

What are the symptoms of osteoporosis?

The symptoms of osteoporosis are considered as follows. It is a silent disease which can creep up on the patient. There are actually no outward signs of osteoporosis. It is a disorder that occurs due to weakened bones.

The symptoms include porous and brittle bone. Easy fracture, different posture, stooping, curvature of the spine is common among patients suffering from osteoporosis.

What are the diagnosis?

The diagnosis of osteoporosis can include a series of tests and X rays of bone. It is important to understand the orthodontal structure of the bone and proceed thereafter. At present, the included diagnosis contain dexa or dual energy x-ray absorptiometry.

There are two types of dexa scanning available these are central device usage, a Peripheral device usage. Other tests that can help in the diagnosis of osteoporosis are bone densitometry and Lateral vertebral assessment, ultrasound tests to check for bone structure.

What are prevention and control?

Prevention and control that can be undertaken for the treatment of osteoporosis are given down as follows.

Patient suffering from osteoporosis can consider taking calcium and Vitamin D supplements. Preferable sources to include in the diet are green vegetables and dietary products. You should also exercise regularly. Avoid sleeping or falling suddenly from Heights.

Have a vision test conducted recently. Keep the surroundings bright so that you do not fall. Exercise regularly and get plenty of rest. Avoid stress and avoid medication that induce dizziness.

What are the treatment options for osteoporosis?

These are the treatment options that are available to is the symptoms of osteoporosis. There is no definite cure for osteoporosis. There are only treatments that can help in living a better life.

However, the treatments that are here to help are: slowing down the development of osteoporosis. This will help the bones to regain their health. It is advised to make a for the deficit of vitamin D in your body. Treatment of osteoporosis aims to prevent fractures, inflammation and causes a reduction in pain, helps in boosting the activity of the patient.

The medications available for osteoporosis are :

  • biphosphonates,
  • oestrogen antagonist and agonist, for example: raloxifene,
  • calcitonin,
  • parathyroid hormone,
  • Xgiva

What are the lifestyle tips for osteoporosis?

  • The lifestyle tips that are required for a patient with osteoporosis are given down as below. Osteoporosis is capable of producing bulimia or eating disorder. It can lead to the smoking of cigarettes, alcohol intake can rise.
  • Patients with osteoporosis should workout regularly and exercise in order to maintain posture.
  • There are the different type of exercise available for patients with osteoporosis. You should be active and maintain a balance diet.
  • Consider taking calcium and Vitamin D supplements. Eat lots of vegetable and dairy products.

What are the recommended exercise for osteoporosis?

There are a number of exercise and recommended posture available for people suffering from osteoporosis. These are

  • walking,
  • weight bearing aerobics,
  • running,
  • doing mild cardio,
  • dancing,
  • low impact aerobics,
  • elliptical training machine,
  • stair climbing,
  • gardening activities

What are the interactions with diseases and pregnancy?

The occurrence of osteoporosis and pregnancy together may be there. However, there is a risk of pregnant mothers conducting brittle bones but Vitamin D supplements and Calcium supplements can be provided.

In some cases, the occurrence of osteoporosis can be noted in the third trimester of pregnancy. Contact your doctor as soon as possible in such a case.

What are the common complications of osteoporosis?

The common complications of osteoporosis are given down as below.

  • It can cause an increased risk of fractures of bone mainly in the hip and spine.
  • It increases the risk of conducting disability.
  • It increases the risk of conduct in a spinal compression fracture
  • it can also cause kyphosis or dowagers hump.

FAQs

Q. Should I continue running, exercising during osteoporosis?

High-impact exercises are to be avoided. Activities such as jumping, running or jogging can lead to fractures in weakened bones. If you’re generally fit and strong despite having osteoporosis, however, you might be able to engage in somewhat higher-impact exercise than can someone who is frail.

Q. Is there in an absolute natural remedy for osteoporosis?

The answer to this question is no. There is no natural remedy available which can treat osteoporosis completely. The bone density tissue is to be addressed in patients with osteoporosis.healthcare providers can instruct clients about natural therapies that may be equally effective for specific health conditions, but present a substantially lower risk for interfering with bone density. Drug therapies for osteoporosis include bisphosphonates, such as alendronate and risedronate.

Q. Can the occurrence of osteoporosis be stopped?

Osteoporosis is such a disorder which can only be slowed down with treatment. The symptoms are relieved and can even be reversed in some rare cases. However, the goal here is to maintain a Healthy lifestyle with a healthy and balanced diet.

Q. Does having osteoporosis shorten your life?

Despite reports that people with osteoporosis have an increased risk of dying prematurely, a new study has found that life expectancy of newly diagnosed and treated osteoporosis patients is in excess of 15 years in women below the age of 75 and in men below the age of 60.

Q. How quickly does osteoporosis progress?

For women, bone loss is fastest in the first few years after menopause, but it continues gradually into the postmenopausal years. As bone density loss occurs, osteoporosis can develop. This process is slower by 10 years in men.


 

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