Sinusitis: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment

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Sinusitis: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment

What is Sinusitis?

Sinus is often referred to Sinusitis which is also known as the inflammation of sinus glands. Sinus glands are present where the tissue lining becomes infected and blocked with mucus fluid. Common cold can also activate the symptoms of Sinusitis. Allergic reactions can also lead to sinus inflammation. Allergic reactions to infections can also occur where the body’s immune system suddenly reacts with foreign bacteria or virus.

How does it affect the body?

Sinusitis can cause facial tenderness. It can also cause headache and pain and throbbing in the head and neck region. It can also cause irritation. Sinusitis is capable of producing fever along with coughing & nasal discharge.

What are the causes of Sinusitis?

Below given are the reasons for the occurrence of Sinusitis.

  • Infection caused by foreign bacteria or virus is capable of producing Sinusitis or sinus inflammation.
  • Nasal polyps can often lead to sinus inflammation.
  • Deviated septum maybe one of the reasons of Sinusitis.
  • Allergy to Pollen or other components present in air may sometimes cause sinusitis.

What are the risk factors of sinusitis?

Below given are the risk factors of Sinusitis or sinus inflammation.

  • These are risk factors like smoking and conducting a cold.
  • Nasal obstruction by polyps can also cause a risk. Deviated septum, adenoid malfunction and cleft palate tumor
  • allergic reactions and chronic illness like cystic fibrosis, HIV, diabetes

What are the symptoms of Sinusitis?

These are the symptoms of Sinusitis or sinus inflammation.

  • These are symptoms like headache, facial pain, and runny nose.
  • Sinusitis can also be symptomized by nasal congestion, coughing and wheezing.
  • Nasal discharge can be noted along with fever. A General feeling of tiredness or fatigue can be noted.

What are the diagnosis methods available for Sinusitis?

These are the diagnosis methods available for detection of Sinusitis or sinus inflammation.

  • CT scan or computerised tomography can be performed.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging or MRI can also be performed.
  • Rhinoscopy or endoscopy of the nasal Canal can also be done.
  • Sinus culture examination may be performed in a laboratory where the cells from sinus are tested and check for virus.
  • Allergy test can be done.
  • The doctor may also ask you to perform an x-ray.

What are the prevention and control methods available?

 These are the methods available for the prevention and control of Sinusitis.

  • The doctor will probably ask you to quit smoking for a few days.
  • Avoid infection and infected people.
  • Maintain a good diet and management of stress should be done.
  • Filter the air you are breathing.
  • Exercise and workout regularly.
  • Treat allergies if you have any.
  • Use nasal sprays for the congestion.

What are the treatment options available?

These are the treatment options which are available for Sinusitis inflammation.

  • Allopathic remedies include ingestion of antibiotics antihistamines and also decongestants.
  • Other remedies include nasal saline spray, steroid spray, nasal washes, sinus surgery can also be done. Topical nasal corticosteroids can be used. Nasal saline watches are also used for the condition of the nasal canal.

What are the lifestyle tips recommended?

These are the lifestyle tips recommended for people suffering from Sinusitis or sinus inflammation.

Smoking should be stopped for the time being. Breathe the fresh air, visit the countryside. Avoid staying in air-conditioned rooms.

What are the exercise recommended for Sinusitis?

These are the recommended exercise available for Sinusitis.

Exercise can relieve nasal congestion exercise regularly to stimulate blood flow to your systems. Cardio is kept infocus. Mild-to-moderate physical activity can be done.

What are the interactions with pregnancy or other disorders?

These are the interactions available with pregnancy and other disorders. Sinusitis can occur during pregnancy. Avoid taking medications immediately. Consult with your doctor about what to do.

The complication can arise in the patient’s body if Sinusitis occurs with HIV or other autoimmune disorders.

What are the common complications of Sinusitis?

These are the common complications of Sinusitis.

  • Zygomycosis, meningitis and brain abscess.
  • Osteomyelitis or orbital cellulitis.

FAQs

Q. Can sinusitis go on its own?

Sinusitis (sinus infection) Sinusitis is swelling of the sinuses, usually caused by an infection. It’s common and usually clears up on its own within 2 to 3 weeks. But medicines can help if it’s taking a long time to go away.

Q. Can sinusitis kill you?

An infection of the sinus cavity close to the brain can be life-threatening, if not treated. In rare cases, it can spread to the brain. The swelling traps mucus in the sinuses. Some people have bodily defects that contribute to sinus infection.

Q. What problems can sinuses cause?

Chronic Sinusitis. Chronic sinusitis can be caused by an infection, growths in the sinuses (nasal polyps) or by a deviated septum. Signs and symptoms may include nasal obstruction or congestion that causes difficulty breathing through your nose, and pain and swelling around your eyes, cheeks, nose or forehead.

Q. Can you smell a sinus infection?

Sinusitis, another name for sinus infection, can be caused by a virus or bacteria. … Short-term sinus infections are known as acute sinusitis, and they typically last 7 to 10 days. In addition to a bad smell inside your nose and a reduced sense of smell and taste, symptoms of sinus infection include headaches.

Q. What should I eat if I have a sinus infection?

Some of the very best foods to eat during periods of sinus inflammation are spicy foods. This can include jalapenos, chili peppers, horseradish, and powder spices to loosen up mucous in a stuffed-up nose.

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