Stomach Bloating: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment

What is Stomach Bloating?

Stomach bloating is a condition caused by a buildup of gas in the stomach and also in the intestine. It is actually a very common condition which can produce abdominal discomfort as well as bloating. Stomach bloating involves the increase in the size of the abdomen after a meal.

The stomach generally becomes protruded and is filled up with gas.

How does it affect the body?

The following are the given ways of how stomach bloating can affect the body. It produces irritation in the stomach. It can also cause pain in the chest area. Sometimes, this pain can become severe. Frequent burping occurs along with the passing of gas.

What are the causes of stomach bloating?

There are a lot of causes of stomach bloating. The following are given down as below.

  • It can occur due to gas build up in the stomach.
  • Dietary reasons included.
  • Sometimes, stomach infection can cause bloating.
  • Crohn’s disease or chronic condition can cause bloating.
  • Indigestion, small bacteria overgrowth in the intestine.
  • Food intolerance and fluid retention.
  • Gastroparesis and constipation.

What are the risk factors of stomach bloating?

The following are the risk factors for stomach bloating.

Risk factors include overeating. Infectious fevers associated with defecation problems can also pose risk. Diet with too much cruciferous vegetables like cauliflower, Broccoli and cabbage can cause risk.

What are the symptoms of stomach bloating?

 These are the following symptoms of stomach bloating.

  • Burping, passing gas.
  • Pain in the abdominal region. Pain in chest.
  • Fullness or pressure formation in the stomach.
  • Increase in the size of the abdomen. Protruding stomach.

What are the diagnosis methods available?

The diagnosis methods available for stomach bloating are given down as below. Your doctor will probably want to know your medical history. Let him know of any current medications.

A nutritionist will review your diet and physical examination of the stomach will be performed.

What are the methods of prevention and control?

These are the methods available for the prevention and control of stomach bloating. Reduce overeating. Chew food before swallowing. Chewing should be done thoroughly. Reduce smoking. Diet changes may be required. Regular exercising is also required. Think of weight reduction if obesity is present.

What are the treatment options available?

The treatment options available for stomach bloating are given down as below. The best possible way is to make changes in the diet.

  • Decrease your intake of very high fibre food, dairy, sugar substitute, fatty food, carbonated beverages. Increase the intake of water and take activated charcoal if required.
  • The over-the-counter medications of allopathic treatment include medicines like Alpha galactosidase, lactase supplement, Simethicone.

What are the lifestyle tips recommended?

The lifestyle tips recommended for people suffering from bloating :

make dietary changes if required. Check the dentures if they are fixed. Running, walking is recommended.

What are the methods for exercise?

Regular exercise is capable of decreasing the risk of constipation. A regular workout can also help in easing the symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome and stomach bloating. It can prevent gas released from the colon. Therefore running, walking, jogging and biking are recommended by the doctor.

What are the interactions with diseases?

The interactions of stomach bloating with other diseases are given down as below. It can interfere with infectious diseases of the stomach and intestine. It can also result in diarrhoea. Overeating can also cause constipation after stomach bloating.

What are the interactions with pregnancy?

During early pregnancy, stomach bloating is actually common in pregnant ladies. Hormonal changes might trigger bloating too. The slowing down of the digestive system is noted in Mothers. It is not unusual and medicine should not be taken.

What are the common complications of stomach bloating?

The common complications of stomach bloating include malabsorption, inflection, gallbladder stone, inflammatory bowel disease, bowel obstruction, hiatal hernia, chronic pancreatitis.


Q. What causes upper abdominal bloating?

People with gallstones or gallbladder disease may experience intense abdominal pain that mimics bloating. Cancers of the stomach or intestines may also lead to abdominal discomfort and bloating. Ascites is a buildup of fluid in the abdominal cavity over a period of time. The most common cause of this is liver disease.

Q. Why does my stomach bloat after eating?

Eating is a common cause of bloating because when the body digests food, it produces gas. People also swallow air when eating or drinking, which then enters the gastrointestinal tract. Bloating is a symptom of many health conditions, such as irritable bowel syndrome or a food intolerance.

Q. How do you cure a bloated stomach?

Treatments to prevent or relieve bloating

  • Avoid chewing gum.
  • Limit your intake of carbonated drinks.
  • Avoid foods that cause gas, such vegetables in the cabbage family, dried beans, and lentils.
  • Eat slowly and avoid drinking through a straw.
  • Use lactose-free dairy products (if you are lactose intolerant).

Q. Why is my stomach bloated at night?

Common causes. Nighttime stomach pain may be caused by eating close to bedtime, acid reflux, or GERD. Digestive problems are considered the most common cause of stomach pain at night.

Q. Why is my stomach bloated and hard?

Diverticulitis, inflammation, and infection of the digestive tract, can also result in bloating and swelling that may make your stomach feel hard. Gastritis is an inflammation of the stomach usually caused by a stomach ulcer or an H. pylori bacterial infection. Symptoms include a hard stomach.


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