Thyroid: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment

What is Thyroid?

Thyroid small glands present which can produce thyroid hormones. Thyroid hormones are required for important functions in the human body. Inflammation of thyroid glands is known as thyroiditis.

Thyroid inflammation of thyroiditis is treatable and requires a medical diagnosis. Treatment is focused mainly on underlying conditions also. There are few types of thyroiditis namely hashimoto’s disease, de quervains disease, silent thyroiditis, acute thyroiditis and other infectious thyroid diseases caused by bacteria or virus.

How does it affect the body?

Thyroiditis can affect the body in the following ways.

Thyroid inflammation may cause excessive sweating and obesity or even weight loss. There are three phases of the disorder. The first phase is also known as thyrotoxic phase & hypothyroid & euthyroid phase.

Thyroiditis can also cause hormonal imbalance in the body, if left untreated it can also create further problems.

What are the causes of thyroiditis?

These are the causes of thyroid inflammation. Immune system attack on thyroid glands can cause inflammation of the thyroid glands. Thyroiditis can sometimes also occur from radioactive medication usage.

What are the risk factors of thyroiditis?

These are the risk factors available for thyroid inflammation.

Autoimmune diseases like Addison disease and Type 1 Diabetes can also cause a thyroid problem. Rheumatoid arthritis is also one of the contributing risk factors.

What are the symptoms of Thyroid disease?

 These are the symptoms available for thyroid disease.

  • Fatigue and heat intolerance can be noticed in patients. Water retention is reported by many people. There is an occurrence of anxiety.
  • The patient has puffy eyes and dry skin and hair. Irregular Heartbeat and rhythm can be noticed. There is also reported cases of menstrual irregularity in women.

What are the diagnosis methods available for detection of thyroiditis?

These are the diagnosis methods available for the detection of thyroiditis or thyroid inflammation.

  • A blood test should be performed.
  • TSH levels should be checked.
  • Radioactive iodine test may be recommended by the doctor.
  • The biopsy may be required in some cases.

What are the methods for the prevention and control of thyroiditis?

These are the methods available for the prevention and control of thyroiditis. It is very difficult to prevent the occurrence of thyroiditis. Prescription drugs may cause hormonal imbalance in the body which may ultimately lead to thyroid disorders. Consult the doctor about your medical history.

What are the treatment options available for management of thyroiditis?

 These are the treatment options available for thyroiditis. The treatment options depend on sincerity of the disorder. Medical procedures can be performed which can permanently reduce the chances of thyroid diseases. Medical procedures include radioactive iodine therapy. Medicines include hormonal Substitutes which can be provided.

What are the recommended exercises?

Exercise can help in the regulation of blood flow to the glands. Aerobic exercises are recommended by the doctor. BiKing, walking, elliptical training and swimming are a few of the activities which can be performed.

What are the lifestyle tips recommended?

The lifestyle tips recommended for thyroiditis are given down as below. The patient is recommended to maintain healthy body weight. Avoid obesity and overweight. Balance diet should be maintained. Enough sleep is required. Regular exercise should be done. Stress management is an important factor which should be done.

Thyroid & Pregnancy – Things to Know

The interactions of thyroiditis with diseases or pregnancy are given down as below. In the case of diseases, autoimmune disorders can interact with thyroiditis. autoimmune disorders are disorders where the body’s immune system attacks the healthy cells. For example lupus, celiac disease.

During pregnancy, untreated thyroid diseases can also lead to fetal damage of the foetus. Treat thyroid disorders before conception.

What are the common complications?

Below given are the common complications of thyroiditis.

  • Thyroid lymphoma, Graves disease,
  • ovary failure and Pernicious anaemia.
  • Thrombocytopenic purpura, vitiligo


Q. Is excessive sweating a sign of thyroid problems?

When the thyroid gland is overactive (hyperthyroidism) the body’s processes speed up and you may experience nervousness, anxiety, rapid heartbeat, hand tremor, excessive sweating, weight loss, and sleep problems, among other symptoms

Q. Can you have hypothyroidism without enlarged thyroid?

It’s possible to have Hashimoto’s thyroiditis for years without experiencing a single sign or symptom. But if you have symptoms, they will be associated with the disorder’s 2 primary complications—goiter and hypothyroidism. The main sign of a goiter is visible swelling in the front of your neck.

Q. What are the symptoms of thyroid problems in females?

Hypothyroidism signs and symptoms may include:

  • Fatigue.
  • Increased sensitivity to cold.
  • Constipation.
  • Dry skin.
  • Weight gain.
  • Puffy face.
  • Hoarseness.
  • Muscle weakness.

Q. What is a thyroid storm?

Thyroid storm is a life-threatening health condition that is associated with untreated or undertreated hyperthyroidism. During thyroid storm, an individual’s heart rate, blood pressure, and body temperature can soar to dangerously high levels.

Q. How can I test my thyroid at home?

Blood Tests: Hypothyroidism can be detected by different blood tests. TSH Test. A thyroid-stimulating hormone or TSH is a blood test that measures the amount of T4 (thyroxine) that the thyroid is being signaled to make.


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