Tonsillitis: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment

What is Tonsillitis?

Tonsils are two glands present in the back of the throat. The word tonsillitis stands for inflammation of the tonsil glands.

It is an infection of the tonsil glands which affects million each year. Tonsils are a collection of lymphoid tissue which are responsible for immunity. lymphs are a part of the immune system.

Tonsillitis or inflammation of the tonsil gland is one of the major health problems which are currently prevalent. It generally occurs to people conducting bacterial or viral infection. Generally, patients can recover within 7 to 10 days. Diagnosis of the throat is required by bacterial swab. Inflammation by external pathogenic sources can be noted in the occurrence of tonsillitis.

How does it affect the body?

 These are the following ways that tonsillitis can affect the body and cause the following symptoms. It causes throat and tonsil pain. It might also a company with a fever or a headache. The problem during chewing food or swallowing food can be noted.

During tonsillitis, the tonsils are increased in size and become red and inflamed. It might produce difficulty in speaking. There are symptoms of general discomfort.

What are the causes of Tonsillitis?

The causes of tonsillitis are given down as below. :

Tonsils are the first line of immunity and can be susceptible to viral or bacterial infections. The viruses that can cause inflammation of the tonsil glands are given as follows.

  • Adenovirus,
  • rhinovirus,
  • influenza virus,
  • respiratory syncytial virus,
  • coronavirus,
  • epstein-barr virus,
  • herpes simplex virus,
  • cytomegalovirus

the bacteria that are capable of producing tonsillitis are given down as below.

  • Staphylococcus,
  • mycoplasma,
  • chlamydia,
  • bodetella,
  • neisseria

What are the risk factors of Tonsillitis?

The risk factors present in tonsillitis are given down as below:

  • there is a risk that tonsillitis may occur recurrently in some patience.
  • If severe symptoms like sleep apnea, respiratory difficulties are present, the patient should contact the doctor as soon as possible.
  • The risk factors include breathing problem, tonsillar cellulitis, mastication problem.
  • People who come in contact with virus or bacteria that can cause tonsillitis are more likely to develop tonsillitis.
  • If you are regularly and repeatedly exposed to air pollution, pathogen reactions can cause tonsillitis.
  • There is a risk of conducting tonsillitis if you are already suffering from an infection of the throat or middle ear excetra.

What are the symptoms of Tonsillitis?

 The symptoms of tonsillitis are discussed down as below.

The common symptoms of tonsillitis include throat pain, tonsil pain. It can also cause increased body temperature and headache. There may be a problem during chewing food and swallowing it. The patient undergoes problem in sleeping and experiences general tiredness. It can cause fatigue and swollen lymph nodes.

Moderate reactions include less common symptoms. These are symptoms like fatigue, stomach ache, and voice modulation. It can also cause bad breath.

Contact your doctor if breathing difficulties continue to occur. You should report to your physician if there is a fever with a temperature of more than 103-degree Fahrenheit. It can also cause a stiff neck or a sore throat lasting more than one or two days.

What is the diagnosis of Tonsillitis?

The diagnosis of tonsillitis can include the test for blood cell count, Swab from intake infected area of the tonsil. The swab will be tested for the occurrence of bacteria or virus and reported back to the patient.

What are the prevention and control of tonsillitis?

The prevention and control of tonsillitis may require the following requirements.

  • For prevention and control, avoid contaminated sources and eating street food.
  • Avoid coming in contact with people already suffering from tonsillitis.
  • Take proper rest and rest will provide you energy.
  • Stay properly hydrated and drink lots of fluids.
  • Gargle with saline solution.

What are the treatment options?

The treatment options that are available for tonsillitis are given down as below. The medications which are available as over-the-counter pain Killers are acetaminophen and Ibuprofen.

If the infection is bacterial, antibiotics may be used. Penicillin is the most common antibiotic used in this case. You should complete the full course without discontinuing abruptly. Do not ignore the symptoms which are prevalent and recurrent.

Surgery can be performed if the symptoms continue to bother the patient. If tonsillitis occurs more than three times a year, consecutive times per year, then a doctor would proceed for surgery.

If severe symptoms like sleep apnea, breathing trouble, swallowing and chewing problem occur please contact your doctor as soon as possible.

What are the lifestyle tips for tonsillitis?

The lifestyle tips for patients suffering from tonsillitis are given down as below. Take proper rest and sleep well. Rest will help in providing energy. Stay hydrated and drink lots of fluids. Gargle with saline solution frequently.

Sucking lozenges can relieve throat symptoms. Consider using steam therapy for the purpose. Avoid smoking cigarettes or tobacco. For pain and fever use acetaminophen or Ibuprofen.

What are the recommended exercise?

There are no particular recommended exercise for tonsillitis. It is better to take rest to recover from foreign invasion by bacteria or virus.

However, do not always sleep and stay in bed. It is advised to do the minimum activities to stay active.

What are the interactions with diseases and pregnancy?

Tonsillitis is capable of producing fever in pregnant mothers. However, contact doctor if you get an infection from a viral or bacterial pathogen. Unfortunately, you are just at risk for strep throat during pregnancy as when you are when not pregnant. Strep throat is a bacterial infection in the throat and the tonsils. Allergies and other infections can easily cause inflammation and irritation in your throat.

People having human immunodeficiency virus or HIV can conduct tonsillitis which can turn severe.

What are the common complications of tonsillitis?

These are considered as the common complications of tonsillitis. It can cause otitis media infection of the middle ear. It can cause Quincy or pus collection in the tonsil region. It can cause obstructive sleep apnea.

Rare complications can produce Scarlet fever, rheumatic fever, Glomerulonephritis which can, in turn, causes nausea and vomiting.


Q. How long does tonsillitis last if untreated?

Tonsillitis caused by strep throat can lead to serious complications if left untreated. Tonsillitis is easily diagnosed. Symptoms usually go away within 7 to 10 days. However, it is better to consult your physician.

Q. Can tonsillitis be an early symptom of Cancer development?

In most of the cases, there are no occurrence of cancerous tissue. However, if the symptoms refuse to go away over a long period of time and a persistent, go see your doctor immediately. Your doctor will advise you to get a swab test. Symptoms of tonsil cancer may include a sore throat that lasts a long time, difficulty swallowing, a lump in the neck, and unexplained weightloss. Tonsil cancer begins with cancerous cells or a tumor in the tonsils.

Q.  What are the remedies found at home for the treatment of tonsillitis?

There are a number of home remedies that can effectively treat or reduce the symptoms of tonsillitis.

  • Salt water gargling. Gargling and rinsing with warm salt water can help soothe a sore throat and pain caused by tonsillitis.
  • Licorice lozenges.
  • Warm tea with raw honey.

Q. Can tonsillitis be transferred through kissing, sneezing, and coughing?

The answer to the question is yes, it can be spread through close contact. This includes kissing, coughing and sneezing in close contact. The microorganism causing the inflammation of the tonsils is spread through this way.

Q. After how many days of tonsillitis should I contact my doctor for an emergency?

In normal cases, tonsillitis can generally last up to 3 to 5 days in an individual. Contact your doctor if the symptoms get worse and are not going away within 5 days.


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