Uninary Tract Infection: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment

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Uninary Tract Infection: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment

What is Urinary Tract Infection?

Urinary tract infection is actually an infection caused due to bacteria. Urinary tract infections may be very common in women. Many women face recurrent infections also. UTI generally requires medical help.

There are three types of urinary tract infection. These are acute Pyelonephritis, cystitis, and urethritis. Inflammation may occur throughout the urinary tract of women or men.

How does it affect the body?

Urinary tract infection is capable of producing fatigue or a General feeling of tiredness. It can affect different parts of the urinary tract.

Mainly UTI occurs in bladder and urethra. There is a frequent urge in urination. And the urine smell is a bit different.

What are the causes of urinary tract infection?

The causes of UTI are given down as below. Bacteria like Escherichia coli can cause urinary tract infections. Women have a shorter urethra than men. Therefore, there is an increased risk of urinary tract infection in women. Sometimes unprotected sexual intercourse can also cause UTI.

Bacteria can enter the body from venues like a public toilet, uncleaned toilets.

What are the risk factors of UTI?

The risk factors of UTI discussed down as below. The female anatomy can cause a risk factor for UTI. There are birth control methods which can cause risk factors. Menopause, urinary tract abnormality, immune system suppression and using catheter can also cause risk factors. Recent surgeries done on the urinary tract can cause an increased risk of UTI.

What are the symptoms of UTI?

The symptoms of urinary tract infections are discussed down as below.

  • There is a burning sensation which is felt during urination. T
  • here is an elevated urge for urination.
  • There is pain and pressure in the back for the abdomen region.
  • Patients report of a strange Aroma arising from urine.
  • There is a General sense of fatigue.
  • Fever can also occur with chills and a rise in body temperature.

What are the diagnosis methods available for UTI detection?

The diagnosis methods available for UTI detection are given down as below. Urine sample analysis is done. CT, ultrasound, MRI test can be done. There may be a requirement of cystoscopy.

What are the mechanism for the prevention and control of UTI?

These are the methods available for the prevention and control of UTI management. Do not hold urine for long. Stay hydrated and drink lots of fluid. Avoid drinking alcohol frequently.

Avoid using alcohol-containing vaginal products, urinate after having sexual intercourse, drink Cranberry juice.

What are the treatment options available for UTI?

These are the treatments option available for the management of UTI. Chronic UTI can require the following treatments. When the infection has occurred more than 3 times in a lifetime, it is considered to be chronic. Antibiotics may be prescribed for a longer time period. Cranberry juice can help in washing out of the bacteria.

Cranberry juice can cause steric hindrance. The medications available for UTI management are trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole, fosfomycin, nitrofurantoin, cephalexin, ceftriaxone.

What are the lifestyle tips available for UTI?

These are the lifestyle tips available for UTI management. Avoid drinking too much coffee, alcohol or soft drinks. Use a Heating pad to minimize bladder pressure if required. Alternative medications like drinking Cranberry juice should be done. Maintain hygiene. It is very important that you stay hydrated. Avoid using public toilets and washroom.

What are the exercise methods recommended for UTI?

These are the exercise recommended in the case of UTI. Avoid excessive sweating around underwear. Maintain workout routine in cotton clothes and pelvic floor muscle exercises should be done like kegel exercise.

What are the interactions of UTI with diseases and pregnancy?

Below given are the interactions of UTI with diseases of pregnancy. In the case of diseases, inflammation of the urinary system parts can cause complications like urine disorders. Autoimmune suppression can cause problems.

In the case of pregnancy, UTI can increase the risk of kidney infection in pregnant women. Certain antibiotics can relieve symptoms but consult with doctor before intake. Not treating urinary tract infection can lead to premature baby birth.

What are the common complications of UTI?

These are the common complications of urinary tract infections. Recurrent infection can occur which can be a huge problem in daily lives. Kidney damage can occur. Premature baby birth of foetus in pregnant ladies. Stricture urethra narrowing in men can be noticed. There is a huge risk of sepsis if all gets out of hand.

FAQs

Q. Is it common to get a UTI after having a catheter?

Many patients have a catheter inserted into their bladder to drain urine during and/or after their procedure. The presence of a catheter, even a temporary catheter, increases the risk of contracting a urinary tract infection.

Q. How long does it take antibiotic to work for UTI?

You may need to take antibiotics for only 3 days, or for up to 7 to 14 days. You should take all of the antibiotics, even if you feel better.

Q. Does it always hurt to pee with a UTI?

A UTI is an infection that’s usually caused by bacteria that enter the urinary tract through the urethra.there is  Strong urge to urinate, even if you’ve already gone. Need to urinate for frequently. Pain or burning sensation when trying to urinate; in your lower abdomen or pelvic area.

Q. How can I treat UTI at home?

Without further ado, here are the top 6 home remedies to fight UTI.

  • Drink Plenty of Fluids. Hydration status has been linked to the risk of urinary tract infection.
  • Increase Vitamin C Intake.
  • Drink Unsweetened Cranberry Juice.
  • Take a Probiotic.
  • Practice These Healthy Habits.
  • Try These Natural Supplements.

Q. What does UTI pain feel like?

A burning feeling when you urinate. A frequent or intense urge to urinate, even though little comes out when you do. Pain or pressure in your back or lower abdomen.


 

 

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