Valium: Uses, Dosage, Price, Side Effects, Precautions & More

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Valium: Uses, Dosage, Price, Side Effects, Precautions & More

Valium Composition – Diazepam 2 MG
Manufactured By – Abbott
Prescription – Prescription Required
Form – Tablet
Price – Rs 20.2
Quantity – 10 tablets in 1 strip

What is Valium?

Diazepam aka Valium is a long-acting (> 24 hours) benzodiazepine. Valium is used primarily as sedative anti-anxiety drugs. Valium has anticonvulsant properties.

Manufactured By – Abbott

Other variants and composition – 

Variant Composition
Valium 10Mg Tablet Diazepam 10 MG
Valium 2Mg Tablet Diazepam 2 MG
Valium 5Mg Tablet Diazepam 5 MG
Buy & Get Minimum 20% Discount: 1Mg Medicines | Practo Medicines

Uses of Valium

Valium is used for the treatment of:

  • anxiety disorders
  • seizures
  • delirium tremens
  • Muscle spasms
  • Alcohol withdrawal
  • General anesthesia
Also Read: Zantac Uses | Zofran Uses | Zoloft Uses

How does Valium work?

  • Valium works on the receptors for the neurotransmitter GABA in the brain.
  • GABA slows down or calms down the activity of nerves in the brain.

How to take Valium?

  • Valium can be taken by mouth, inserted into the rectum, injected into a muscle, or injected into a vein.
  • Valium can be taken with or without food.

Valium Price In India

Specifics Valium Price
2mg Strip of 10 Tablets Rs 15.2
5mg Strip of 10 Tablets Rs 14.94
10mg Strip of 10 Tablets Rs 70.89

Common Dosage of Valium

  • Common dosage for adults is 2mg – 10 mg, 3 to 4 times per day.
  • Your doctor may increase the dose later.
  • In case of children, the recommended dosage range is 1mg to 2.5 mg, 3 to 4 time per day.

When to avoid Valium?

  • If Valium is taken with alcohol, opioids, muscle relaxants and stimulants, it can slow or stops breathing. It can also increase the risk of psychological dependence.
  • Combination of Valium and alcohol can also slow or stop the heartbeat and can also lead to coma.
  • Valium and muscle relaxants mixture can cause damage to liver and kidney.
  • Rifampin, phenytoin, carbamazepine, and phenobarbital increase the metabolism of Valium, hence decreasing drug levels and effects.
  • Cimetidine, ketoconazole, erythromycin, fluoxetine, omeprazole may extend the effects of Valium by inhibiting liver enzymes that inhibit it.
  • Valium acts on the GABA receptor, so the herb valerian may produce an adverse effect.

Precautions when taking Valium

  • Do not use Valium if you are allergic to it or to any of the ingredients present in it.
  • Let your doctor know if you have a liver problem.
  • Using Valium for a long time or leaving the medication suddenly may cause withdrawal syndrome (vomiting, abdominal cramps, anxiety, shakiness or seizures).
  • Valium may cause addiction in some people, especially if they are consuming a high amount of alcohol with it.
  • Valium is typically not an appropriate drug for the treatment of insomnia because of the long duration of action.

Side Effects of Valium

Some of the commonly reported side effects of Valium are:

  • Sleepiness
  • trouble with coordination
  • blurred vision
  • Side effects like suicide, decreased breathing, and an increased risk of seizures are rare.
Also Read: Sildenafil Side Effect | Simvastatin Side Effect | Tylenol Side Effect

Effects on organs?

  • On nerves- Ataxia, disrupted sensory perception, drowsiness, epileptic attacks, impaired motor ability, amnesia, balance disorders, concentration difficulties.
  • On lungs- increased bronchial secretion in children, respiratory depression, cough, and dyspnea.
  • On heart- hypotension, palpitations (also a withdrawal symptom), thrombophlebitis.
  • On muscles and bones- muscle spasms, muscle weakness, myasthenia.
  • On stomach and intestine- abdominal pain, diarrhea, constipation.
  • On skin- rash, itching, erythema.
  • On eyes- blurred vision.

Storage Requirements for Valium

  • Keep it in a dry, airtight container.
  • Keep it away from direct heat or moisture.
  • Keep Valium out of reach of the children.

Pro Tips When Taking Valium

  • Valium modestly decreases blood pressure and respiratory drive, occasionally resulting in apnea. Thus, blood pressure and respiratory rate should be monitored in patients sedated with intravenous Valium.
  • If using the concentrated medication of Valium, discard the bottle after 90 days.

FAQs

Is Valium addictive?

Yes, Valium sometimes may cause addiction.

Can I have Valium with alcohol?

Valium and alcohol can put the heart at risk and can also lead to coma.

Any particular food item to be avoided?

Avoid having grape juice. It can increase the rate of side effects caused by Valium.

Can I have Valium when pregnant?

No, during pregnancy Valium can cause harm to the fetus especially when taken during the 3rd trimester.

Can I have Valium while feeding a baby?

Valium passes through milk which can cause risk to the development of the infant.

Can I drive after taking Valium?

No, Valium while driving can decrease reaction time, alertness, hand-eye coordination, and judgment.

What happens if I overdose on Valium?

Overdosing on Valium may cause severe drowsiness, slow reflexes or loss of consciousness.

What happens if I eat expired Valium?

It is advised to not to take expired medicines.

What happens if I miss a dose of Valium?

Take the next dose at the scheduled time. Never take more than the dose for a missed one.

Other medicine's to read: Verapamil | Yasmin

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