Vistaril: Uses, Dosage, Side Effects , Price, Composition, Precautions & More

What is Vistaril?

  • Vistaril belongs to a group of drugs called as “antihistamines” and is commonly used for treatment of allergic disorders like chronic urticaria, pruritus (itching) etc.
  • Vistaril can also be used for symptomatic relief of anxiety and tension for short term.
  • The active ingredient of Vistaril is “Hydroxyzine” and it is available in capsule and suspension form for oral administration.
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Uses of Vistaril

  • Sedative to relieve anxiety and tension
  • Allergic conditions causing pruritus (itchy skin)
Read more: Nasacort Uses

Vistaril Composition

  • Vistaril Oral Suspension (hydroxyzine pamoate equivalent to 25 mg hydroxyzine hydrochloride per teaspoonful-5 mL)
Know more: Revlimid Composition

How does Vistaril work?

  • Vistaril is an antihistamine which works by blocking the release of chemical messenger (histamine) involved in allergic reactions in your body.
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How to Take Vistaril?

  • Vistaril is extensively absorbed after oral administration and food has no effect on its absorption thus it can be taken with or without foodor as advised.
  • For ideal results, it should always be taken at a fixed time preferably bed time as it can cause sedation.
  • The tablet should be swallowed as a whole without crushing, chewing or breaking it along with plenty of fluids.
  • If you are using the suspension form, measure the dose with the help of a measuring cup. Shake the bottle well before each use.

Common Dosage for Vistaril

  • The recommended therapeutic dose of Vistaril for patients suffering from anxiety in adults is 50-100mg four times a day.
  • For management of pruritus with allergic conditions in adults: 25mg three to four times a day. Vistaril when used as a sedative as premedication: 50-100mg.
  • Dose should be adjusted for children and administered as prescribed by the doctor.
Read more: Zometa Dosage

When to avoid Vistaril?

  • Vistaril should be avoided or used with caution in:
  • Patients with allergy to any of its components
  • Patients with prolonged QT interval
  • Pregnant and lactating females
  • Patients using other anti-depressant drugs

Side-effects of Vistaril?

  • In addition to its intended uses, it may cause few undesirable side effects as well. List of the most commonly observed side effects include:
  • Sleepiness
  • Drowsiness
  • Headache
  • Tiredness
  • Dry mouth
  • Blurring of vision
  • Hallucination
  • Rash
  • In addition it may cause some other allergic or unwanted effects. In such cases, seek medical attention immediately.

Effect on organs?

  • Vistaril may affect central nervous system and can produce a variety of effects including dizziness, sleepiness and fatigue.

Reported Allergic Reactions?

  • Report to your doctor if you are allergic to any of its ingredients.
  • Signs of allergic reaction include:
  • Rashes/itching of skin
  • Shortness of breath
  • Swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat
  • Loss of consciousness

Drug Interactions to Be Careful About

  • Vistaril can interact with other drugs, vitamin supplements and herbal products thus it is always advised that you must inform the physician about all the drugs being administered.
  • All the possible drug interactions might not be listed here. Few important drug interactions are listed below:
  • Alcohol
  • Alprazolam
  • Barbiturates
  • Quinidine
  • Amiodarone
  • Erythromycin

Shows Effects / Results In:

  • Vistaril starts showing its effects within 15-30 minutes after its oral administration.

Storage of Vistaril:

  • Store at cool and dry place away from direct heat and moisture.
  • Keep medicines away from children and pets.

Pro Tips When Taking Vistaril:

  • Vistrail is contraindicated in patients with prolonged QT interval. ECG monitoring is recommended in such cases.
  • Vistrail should not be administered along with alcohol and other CNS depressants.

Frequently asked questions

Is Vistaril addictive?

  • No

Can I have Vistaril with alcohol?

  • Consumption of alcohol is not recommended with Vistaril as it may increase the risk of adverse effects like drowsiness and sedation.

Can I have Vistaril when pregnant?

  • Vistaril is contraindicated in pregnancy.

Can I have Vistaril when feeding a baby?

  • Vistaril is excreted in human breast milk therefore it is not recommended for use while you are breast feeding.

Can I drive after taking Vistaril?

  • Vistaril intake is associated with a majority of CNS side effects like drowsiness, decreased alertness etc.
  • Therefore it may not be advisable to drive a vehicle and operate heavy machinery while on this medication.

What happens if I overdose on Vistaril?

  • Over dosage has been reported with Vistaril. Symptoms of over dosage include: hyper sedation, nausea, convulsions etc.
  • If anyone is suspected of an over-dosage, seek medical care immediately.

What happens if I take expired Vistaril?

  • A single dose of expired Vistaril may not cause any major adverse effect. However, the potency of the medicine may well have decreased overtime.

What happens if I miss a dose of Vistaril?

  • Take the missed dose as soon as you remember it. Do not take double the dose to make up for the skipped dose.

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