Scientifically speaking, Trichoptilosis or split ends occur when the outermost layer of a hair strand’s surface suffers from damage. This damaged hair strand either breaks or cracks, turning into a split end hair. The split end strand is also most likely dehydrated, making it even more vulnerable to cracks. But, what damages hair so much that it cracks? Let’s look at some common causes.

Also Read: Best Shampoo Brand For Split Ends 

What Are Split Ends?

You probably already know what split ends are but just in case you don’t read, here’s some dirt on them: Split Ends are hair strands with two-faced ends that ruin your entire mane. Split ends make the entire strand weak and prone to breakage. Moreover, they make your hair look untidy and unkempt whether made up or let loose. So what is the reason for split ends and how do you get rid of split ends? Let’s see!

The Causes Of Split Ends

Heat & Styling

Using too many heat styling products on your hair damages is and causes it to crack into split ends. This is because excess heat sucks the hair of all its moisture and leaves it vulnerable. Try using heat protectant sprays or avoid excess heat altogether to protect your hair.


Using products laden with chemicals is a sure shot way to split ends. Further, treatments like smoothening and rebonding cause a chemical overload causing split ends. Stay away from such treatments and only use mild shampoos if your hair is prone to splitting.


Hair colors claim to be gentle and full of health giving ingredients for your hair. At the end of the day, they are just artificial colors that damage the hair. Coloring too often will lead to split ends and weaker hair. Try to keep a long gap between appointments with your colorists or go for home remedies like henna.


Brushing your hair more than twice a day can damage your hair and make it weaker. This weak hair is bound to split at some point. Avoid excessive brushing throughout the day. Never brush when your hair is wet as it is at its weakest. Switch to a wide tooth comb that is not harsh on the hair.

Strong Shampoos

Shampoos that contain harsh ingredients like sulphates and parabens can weaken your hair strands. Also, shampooing more than twice a weak can strip the hair of its natural oils making it prone to dehydration and splitting.

Now that you know what causes split ends, you need to know how to fix them. Sadly, there is no split end cure. You can only get rid of them by getting a haircut. But, if you don’t want repeated cuts, you can prevent them the natural way. Read on for some amazing home remedies for split ends.

Check Out: How To get Ride of Split Ends 

Home Remedies For Split Ends

1. Egg Mask

Egg is a pretty great split ends remedy as it is rich in protein and fatty acids. Eggs strengthen the follicle and shaft of the hair to avoid breakage.

How To Use

Mix egg yolk in olive oil and coat your hair in the mixture while it is damp. Rinse thoroughly and follow up with your regular shampoo. Leave on for 30 minutes and use once a week.

2. Mayonnaise

This will smell bad but work wonders for split ends. Mayo makes the hair softer and shinier while preventing split ends.

How To Use

Coat strands with half a cup of mayonnaise. Wash off with water and shampoo your hair. Leave on for 10 minutes and repeat twice a week.

3. Beer

Beer has been used as a conditioner for a long time but did you know it is a split end treatment as well? The sugar and protein in beer prevents split ends by nourishing the roots.

How To Use

Pour or spray beer to the ends and mid sections of your hair after shampooing. Rinsing out is not required but you can if the smell bothers you. It usually goes away within an hour.

Also See: Park Avenue Beer Shampoo 

4. Aloe Vera

You can make a great hair mask for split ends using Aloe Vera. This ingredient hydrates the hair and prevents split ends. Aloe Vera also makes the hair softer and longer.

How To Use

Aloe Vera is the easiest to use split end treatment of all. Simply apply the gel on your tips and roots, leave on for 30 minutes and wash off.

5. Banana

Banana makes another really great mask for split ends. The Vitamin E, Vitamin C and potassium make the hair stronger and less prone to split ends.

How To Use

Blend a banana with yoghurt and rose water. Apply the mixture to your hair and wash off in 60 minutes. Use once a week.

6. Oiling

A hot oil massage is great for deep conditioning hair and preventing split ends. The oils that work great for split ends include

  • Coconut oil
  • Olive Oil
  • Castor Oil
  • Mustard Oil
  • Almond oil

How To Use

Massage oil into the roots and along the lengths, keep for 60 minutes and wash off with shampoo.

Split ends can be a pain and can make it tough to have a good hair day. But, with the right prevention, you can make sure a hair never splits again.

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